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MUSOI APPALACHIAN!: 

I 



TICKETS OF SPECIMENS OF 



MOSSES 



COLLECTED MOSTLY IN THE EASTERN PART 
OF NORTH AMERICA. 



By C. F. AUSTIN. 




CLOSTER, ^'E^V JERSEY. 
1870. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!: 



TICKETS OF SPECIMENS OF 

MOSSES 

COLLECTED MOSTLY IN THE EASTERN PART 
OF NORTH AMERICA. 



By C. F. 4USTIN. 




CLOSTER, NEW JERSEY. 
1870 



CantabeigijS : . 
Txpis Welch, Bigelow, et Soc. 

ACASEIILfi TrPOGKAPBOBUM. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



1. Sphagnum Portoricense. 

Sampe. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 3, t. 2. — Sphagnum 
Sullivantianura, Austin in Amer. Jour. Sci. 1863, 
p. 252. 

Hab. Ponds and pools of Southern New Jersey. 

2. Sphagnum Austin!. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Species spectabilis, statura et habitu S. Fprtoricen si 
atque S. cymbifolip similis, a primo dlstincta foliis 
apice intensius colorato minus cucullatis basi baud 
subito angustatis, reti ampliore, etc., a secundo cui 
similior foliis fimbriatis, cellulis chloropbylliferis quasi 
hispidulis, sectione transversa omnino diversa, nu- 
mero (constanter 3) ramulorum in quoque fascicule, 
etc. 

Hab. Swamps near Farrago and Manchester, Ocean County, New 
Jersey (C. F. Austin, 1862). 



3. Sphagnum cymbifolium 

Elirh. — Schimp. Monogr. p. 69, t. 19, 
Hab. Swamps and low grounds, almost everywhere. 



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MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



4. Sphagnum cymbifolium, pi. masc. 

Hab. Same as the preceding. 

5. Sphagnum cymbifolium. 

Var. /9, pycnocladum. 
Hab. Swanlps, common. 

6. Sphagnum cymbifolium. 

Var. y. squarrulosum. 
Hab. Inundated swamps, common. 

7. Sphagnum rigidum. 

Schimp. Monogr. p.(i>5, t. 18. 

Hab, On moist rocks on mountains ; also in the pine barren swamps 
of Southern New Jersey. 

8. Sphagnum rigidum. 

Var. humile. — Spli. humile, Schimp. — SuUiv. Icon. 
Muse. p. 5, t. 3. 

JJab. Low sandy places. New Jersey (Closter, &c.) to Florida. 

9. Sphagnum Mulleri. 

Schimp. Monogr. p. 73, t. 26. 
Hab. Bogs, Southern New Jersey to Florida. 

10. Sphagnum molle. 

Sulliv. Icon. 3Iusc. p. 7, t. 4. 
Hab. Same as the preceding. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 6 



11. Sphagnum molltiscuxa. 

Bruch. — Schimp. Monogr. p. 71, t. 21. 

Hab. Peatrbogs of Southern New Jersey. Also New Brunswick, 

Canada, Ree. J. Fowler. 

12. Sphagnum acutifolium. 

Hhrh. — Schimp. Monogr. p. 50, t. 13, 14. 
Hab. Swamps and bogs, common. 

13. Sphagnum acutifolium. 

Var. confertum. • 
Hab. Open bogs, New Jersey. 

14. Sphagnum acutifolium. 

Var. purpureum ; foliis caulinis apice subacutis vel 
valde obtusis atque subfimbriatis patulis arete ap- 
pressisve, ramulinis nonnuUis arete aliis laxe imbri- 
catis ; inflorescentia fere semper dioica. 

Hab. Peat-bogs, common. 

15. Sphagnum acutifolium 

Var. intermedium ; foliis ramulinis omnibus laxe im- 
bricatis ad apice m margine inflexo sensim acumina- 
tis, colore intensius purpurea : inter var. purpureum 
et var. rubellum medium tenens. 

Hab. Peat-bogs, Southern New Jersey. Also New Brunswick, Cana- 
da {Fowler), where it plainly passes into the following. 

16. Sphagnum acutifolium. 

Var. rubellum ; foliis ramulinis brevioribus vix acu- 
minatis omnibus laxe imbricatis. — Sph. rubellum, 
Wih. — Schimp. Monogr. p. 71, t. 20. 

BLvB. New Brunswick, Canada, Rev. James Fowler. 



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MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



17. Sphagnum acutifolium. 

Var. fuscum. 
Hab. Peat-bogs, Northern New Jersey and Canada. 

18. Sphagnum acutifolium. 

Var. robustum. 

Hab. Cedar swamps, about Farrago, Ocean County, New Jersey, 
associated with Nos. 2 and 15. 

19. Sphagnum fimbriatum. 

Wils. — Schwqy. Monogr. p. 59, t. 15;. 
Hab. Swamps on the Palisades, near Closter, New Jersey. 

20. Sphagnum Girgensohnii. 

Mussoiv, Beitrage zur Kentn. def- Torfm. 1865. — 
Sphagnum fimbriatum, var. majus, Auctt. — Sph. 
strictum, Lindb. Mss. olim. 

Hab. Swamps and bogs. Northern New Jersey to Canada. 

21. Sphagnum teres. 

Angstroem, Skand. Fl. ed. VIII. p. 417. — Sulliv. 
Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. — Sphagnum squarro- 
sum, var. teres, ScMmp. Monogr. p. 64. 

Hab. Low grounds, Closter and Southern New Jersey, rare. 

22. Sphagnum squeirrosum. 

Persoon. — Schimp. Monogr. p. 63, t. 17. 

Hab. Mountains of Pennsylvania, Prof. T. C. Porter. New York, 
Prof. U. II. Peck, Dr. E. C. Uoiue. Canada, John Macoun, Rev. 
James Fowler. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



7 



23. Sphagnum Fylrosii. 

Brid. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 12, t. 6. — Suppl. 1, 
ined. 

Hab. Stagnant pools and marshes on the bog-ore beds in Southern 
New Jersey. Also on the Adirondack Mountains, New York, Peck. 

24. Sphagnum Fylsesii. 

Var. sedoides. — Sphagnum sedoides, Brid. — Sulliv. 
Jco7i. Muse. p. 11, t. 6. 

Hab. On the Adirondack Mountains, Peck. 

25. Sphagnum cyclophylluih. 

Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. — Sulliv. leon. 3Iuse. p. 13, t. 6. — 
Suppl. 1, ined. 

Hab. With No. 2S, in Southern New Jersey. 

26. Sphagnum neglectum. 

Angstr. in Ofvers K. Vet. Akad. Fork. 1864. — Sulliv. 
Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. — Sphagnum subsecun- 
dum, C. Mull. Synop. Muse. II. p. 539. 

Hab. In an open grassy hog, near Closter; New Jersey. Also in 
Ohio, SuUivant. 

27. Sphagnum neglectum, var. 

Hab. Kocky swamps on the Palisades, near Closter, New Jersey. 

28. Sphagnum subsecundum. 

Nees. — Schimp. Momgr. p. 74, t. 22, 23* 

Hab. Low grounds, very common in New Jersey. 



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MUSCI APPALACHIAKI. 



29. Sphagnum subsecundum. 
Var. Lescurii. 

Hab. Inundated swainps and sluggishVvater, Southern New Jersey. 
Also in the Southern States, Lesquereux. 

30. Sphagnum subsecundum, pi. masc. 

Hab. Sarae as Xo. 28. 

31. Sphagnum laricinum. 

Spruce. — Angstr. in Of vers K. Vet. Akad. Fork. 1864. 
— SuUiv. Icon. Muse. Siipjjl. 1, ined. — Sph. con- 
tortum, var. laricinum, Wils. Bryol. Brit. p. 22. 

Forsan hybrida inter S. subsecundum et S. cus pidatum . 

Hab. Marshes and bogs, vSandlake, New York, Peck. 

32. Sphagnum Wulfianum. 

Girgensohn in Archiv fur die Naturkiinde Liv.-Est. 

und Kurlands, 2 ser. II, p. 173 (1860). — Bot. 
* Zeit. (1862) p. 274. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 

1, ined. — Sphagnum pycnocladum, Angstr. in 

Rabenli. Bryotheea^ no. 709 (1864). 

Hab. Canada, Macoun, Fowler. New York, Howe, Peck, Austin. 

33. Sphagnum cuspidatum. 

Ehrh. — Schimp. Monogr. p. 60, t. 16. 
EUb. Inundated bogs and stagnant water, common. 



34. Sphagnum cuspidatum. 

Var. laxifolium, Aust. in Amer. Jour. Sci. 1863,^. 255. 

Hab. In pools, near Closter, New Jersey. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



9 



35. Sphagnum cuspidatum. 
Var. Torreyanum, Aust. I. c. 

IIab. Ponds and pools of Southern Xew Jersey ; rarely fertile. 

36. Sphagnum cuspidatum. 

Var. plumosum, Aust. I. c. 

Hab. With the preceding. 

37. Sphagnum cuspidatum. 

Var. pan^um. 
Hab. With S. moUnscara. 

38. Sphagnum cuspidatum. 

Var. recurvum. — Sph. recurvum, Beauv. Prodr. p. 
88. — Spli. Mougeotii, Schimp. in Moiig. et Kestl. 
Stirp. Crypt. Voges.-Rhen. fasc. XIV. no. 1306. 

Hab. Bogs, New Jersey to Canada'and Michigan. 

39. Sphagnum cuspidatum. 

Var. recurvum Qnajor), Aust. in Amer. Jour. Sci. 
1863, p. 255. Foliis ramulinis latioi-ibus, apicalibus 
baud attenuatis, colore amoene flavescente-viridi, <• 
sporis sulphureis. 

Hab. Cedar swamps, common. 

40. Sphagnum Lindbergii. 

Schimp. Monogr. p. 67, t. 25. 

Hab. Slopes of Wliiteface Mountain, New York, Peck. 

m 

41. Sphagnum macrophyllum. 

Bemhardi. — Sulliv. Icon. 3Iusc. p. 1, t. 1. 
Hab. Ponds, Southern New Jersey to Florida ; rarely fertile. 

2 



10 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



42. Andraea petrophila. 

Ehrh. — Bnjol. Europ. VI. t. G23. — A. rupestris, 
Hedw. 

Hab. On steep dr_v rocks and boulders near Closter and Sparta, New 
Jersey. On Sliawangunk Mountain ai^d at Little Falls, &c., New 
York. 

43. Andrsea rupestris. 

Turner. — Bryol. Europ. YI. t. 631. — A. • Rotliii, 
Weh. et Mohr. 

Hab. On wet rocks near Suffern and Ramnpo and on Shawangunk 
Mountain, New York ; also at the Delaware Water-Gap, New Jersey. 

44. Archidium Ohioense. 

Bryol. Europ. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 10, t. 7, excl. 
calyptrce figg. 

Calyptra minutissiina, basi paullulum expansa cito 
I'upta sublaceraque, ad capsulae basin dejecta et a 
vaginula liaud toto soluta ; stylo longiusculo. 

Hab. Thin soil on rocks, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania ; 
also in damp meadows, Ohio, Sulliv., Lesqx. Illinois, Bdib. 

MICROMITRIUM, (n. gen.) 

Capsula globosa, immersa, tenera, apiculata vel mutica, 
clausa, vel pressa in medio horizontaliter latiscens, 
brevissime pedicellata vel exacte sessilis. Calyptra 
minima, subdiscifbrmis, stylidif'era, arete adluurens. 
Flores synoici. — Plantae minuti.ssim;u in protliallio 
bysoideo diu persistente sed inconspicuo nidulantes, 
foliis ecostatis laxissime areolatis : Ephemera valde 
refeventes distinctaa tamen calyptra; forma et mi- 
nutie ; inflorescentia, etc. 

45. Micromitrium Austini. 

(^Sulliv. ^ Amt. — Subacaule ; foliis patenti-recurvis 
ligulato-lanceolatis snperne distincte serratis ; cap- 
sula apiculata brevissime pedicellata ; calyptra con- 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



11 



centrica ; sporis vix papillulosis yoVo diam. 
metientibns. — Ephemerum Austini, SuUiv. in litt. 
1867. — SuUiv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Hab. On wet broken ground in woods, Clostcr, New Jersey. 

46. Micromitrium synoicum. 

(James) Aiist. — Priori simillimnm, sed difFert caule 
loncriore interdum gracilescente ; foliis dissitioribus 
erectinsrulis obsolete serrulatis ; capsula nnitica sub- 
irregulariter deliiscente ; calyptra excentrica i. e. 
Sc-epivis ad capsulfB latus vel infra dejecta ; sporis 
pauilulum inajoribns papillulosis. 

Epliemeruin synoicum, James in Trans. Amer. Phil. 
Soc. 18(35, p. 106 ; 3Iusc. Exsicc. SuUiv. ^ Lesqx. 
ed. 2, no. 27. — SulUu. Icon. BIusc. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Hab. On broken clayey ground in low meadows near Camden and 
Pbihuk-lpiiia. 

47. Micromitrium msgalosporum, Anst. 

Statura priecedentium ; caulo perbreA'i ; foliis late 
ovato-lanceolatis obtuse serratis ; capsula apiculata 
clausa exacte sessili ; vaginula majuscula truncato- 
obovata ; calyptra concentrica ; sjjoris siiblaBvibus 
magnis -^^^ unc. diani. metientibus. — Sulliv. Icon. 
3Iusc. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Foliis latioribus leniter concavis incurvatisque, capsula 
pallidissima, etc., speciem banc a prascedentibus 
statim dignoscitur. 

(Forsan Ephemerum tenerum (Brucli) Schimp. St/nops. 
Muse. Earop. p. 4, sed species distinctissima et ab 
E. serrato, iiotis supra expositis, toto C£elo difFert.) 

Hab. Witli both the preceding, very rare. 

47^ Ephemerum serratum, 

(Schreb.y Hampe. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 1. 

Hab. Fields and gardens, near Closter, New Jersey ; Ohio, Sullivant; 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Philadelphia, James ; very rare. 



12 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



48. Ephemerum crassinervium. 

Schwcegr. — Salliv. Icon. Muse'. jj'^'lX^-^ 8. 

Hab. On damp ground, very common. ■ 

49. Ephemerum crassinervium. 

Var. spinulosum. 
IIab. Inundated or wet places, very common. 

50. Ephemerum papillosum, Anst. 

Foliis anfiuste Innceolatis serratis supra medium cos- 
tatis (lorso papillosis ; oapsula ovato-ivlolxHa ; calyp- 
tra cucuUato-mitriforini, papillis cou'^picuis obtecta ; 
sporis magnis fere lajvibus. — SuUiv. Icon. 3Imc. 
jSujypl. 1, inecl. 

Hab. On tliin soil on rocks. Palisades, New Jersey. ^ 

51. Sphasrangium muticum, 

(^Schreb.') Scliimp. — Acaulon muticum, Bryol. Europ. 
I. t. 4. 

Hab. Old fields. New Jersey, &c. 

52. Sphaerangium triquetrum. 

(^Spruce) Schiinp. — Acaulon triquetrum, Brrjol. Europ. 
I. t. 3. 

IIab. Old sandy fields, near Tom's River, New Jersey. 

53. Phascum cuspidatum. 

Schreb. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 5. 
Uab. Old fields. New Jersey, &c. 

54. Pleuridium alternifolium. 

Brid. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 10. 
IIab. Old fields, very common. 



I 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



13 



55. Sporledera palustris. 

Schimp. — Pleuridium palustre, Bryol. Europ. I. t. 10. 
IL\D. Old fields, New Jersey, James. 

56. Bruchia flexuosa. 

Sclmcegr. — Sulliv. Icon. Milsc. p. 22, t. 13. 
Hab. Wet meadows, about Closter and Camden, New Jersey. 

57. Systegium nitidulum. 

Schimp. — Astomum nitidulum, Bryol. Europ. 3Iem. 

Hab. Old fields. New Jersey and Oliio, rare. 

58. Systegium SuUivanti. 

Schimp. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 20, t. 11. 

Hab. Same as the preceding, very common. 

59. Systegium Sullivanti, var. 

Hab. "Wet meadows, about Closter, New Jersey, common. 

60. Gymnostomum rupestre. 

Schivcegr. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 33, 34. 

Hab. On damp shaded rocks, rather common. 

61. Gymnostomum curvirostrum. 

Hcdw. — Bryol. Europ I. t. 35, 36. Caule distincte 
papilloso. 

Hab. On wet rocks, Godwinville, New Jersey ; common northward 
and on mountains. 

62. Gymnostomum calcareum. 

N^ees ^ Hornsch. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 32. 

Hab. On slate rocks, near Little Falls, New York ; also near Belle- 
ville, Canada West, Macoun ; sterile. 



14 



MUSCI APPALACIIIANI. 



63. Hymenostomum microstomum. 

a. Broion. — Bryol. Eunqj. I. t. 16. 
Hab. Rocky ground, Palisades, New Jersey. 

64. Anoectangium Peckii. 

SulUv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Ancect. compacto proxinmm, distinguitnr tamen statura 
majore, foliis lonpioribus ligiilato-lanceolatis sensim 
acutissimis su]M'a basin perbrevem ovatam concavam 
subamplexantem leniter constrictis deliiiic plus minus 
carinato-complicatis : flor. f'em. et fr. hand visis. 

Hab. Under overhanging: rocks, Catskill Mountains, New York, 
Charles U. Peck. 

65. Weissia viridula. 

Brid. — Bryol. Euroj}. I. t. 21. 
Hab. Old fields and banks, everywhere. 

66. Weissia viridula, var. 1. 

Statura minori, pedicello breviori, capsnla breviori 
nitida rufo-brunnea siccitate baud sulcata. 

Hab. Shaded, sandy banks, not common. 

67. Weissia viridula, var. 2. 

Pedicello capsulaque lono;ioribus pallidioribus ; foliis 
Jongioribus margine magis involutis ; peristomii den- 
tibus longioribus ; sporis la3vibus duplo minoribus. 

Hab. Same as preceding, and on coarse sandstone rocks. New Jersey. 

68. Weissia viridula, var. 3. 

Coxnpacte caespitosa ; foliis latioribus margine minus 
involutis apice magis mucronatis ; floribus nonnun- 
quam dioicis. 

Hab. Crevices of exposed rocks, Little Falls, New Jersey, &c. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



15 



69. Weissia viridula, var. 3": pi. masc. 

Hab. Same as the preceding. 

70. Weissia serrulata. 

Funk. — Bryol. Hurojx I. t. 27. 

Hab. Crevices of exposed rocks and on the perpendicular face of 
moist rocks, Palisades and Delaware Water-Gap, New Jersey; 
Haverstraw and Shawangunk Mountains, &c., New York ; sterile. 



71. Rhabdoweissia fugax. 

(Ilediv.') — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 41. 

Hab. Crevices of rocks, Delaware Water-Gap, New Jersey. Cats- 
kill Mountains, New York, Peck. 



72. Rhabdoweissia denticulata. 

{Brid.') — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 42. 

Hab. On rocks in ravines, Pascack, New Jersey. Rockland County, 
&c.. New York, rare. 



73. Dicranum viride. 



Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. — Sylliv. Icon. Muse. p. 30, t. 18 
(stti Campylopode) . 

Hab. Roots and trunks of trees, old logs, &c., common ; always 

sterile. 



74. Dicranum rufescens. 

Turner. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 59. 

Hab. On naked banks, along roadsides, &c., throughout Northern 
New Jersey and Southern New York. 



75. Dicranum virens. 

Ilediv. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 48. 
Hab. On decayed wood in mountainous districts, New York, &c, 



16 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



76. Dicranum pellucidum. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 50, 51 ; Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. 
Muse. Bor. Amer. JSxsic. Ed. 2, no.. 60. 

Hab. On rocks sul)ject to inundationX in deep glens, near West 
Vernon, Sussex County, New Jersey; also near Marathon, New 
York ; sterile. 

77. Dicranum Schreberi. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 53. 

Hab. Wet rocks and banks, Hohokus, New Jersey ; also near Little 
Falls, New York. Canada, Macoun. 

78. Dicranum varium. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 57, 58. 

Hab. On moist banks ; rare in Bergen County, New Jersey, but 
common in most places. 

79. Dicranum heteromallum. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 62. 

IIab. On shaded ground, very common. 

80. Dicranum heteromallum. 

Var. orthocarpon. 
Hab. Same as the preceding, or more commonly on banks. 

81. Dicranum montanum. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 67. 

Hab. On deca^-ed wood ; also on roots and trunks of trees ; common, 
but sterile, except in mountainous or northern regions. 



82. Dicranum flagellare. 

Hediv. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 68. 
Hab. Swamps, forming large solid cushions, very common. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



17 



83. Dicranum fulvum. 

Sook. 3Iusc. Exot. t. 149. — D. interrnptum, Bi-yol. 
Europ. I. t. 69 ; Sulliv. (j" Lesqx. Muse. Exsic. ed. 
2, no. 73. 

Hab. Dry shaded rocks, common ; also ocfasionallj on the roots of 
trees in swampy places. 

84. Dicranum longifolium. 

Sedw. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 72. 

Hab, On shaded rocks and trunks of trees, in mountainous districts ; 
Nortlieru jS'ew Jersey, &e. 

85. Dicranum scoparium. 

HediO. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 74, 75. 
Hab. On the ground in woods, common. 

86. Dicranum scoparium. 

Var. e. recurvatum, Schimp. Syn. Muse. p. 90. 

Hab. On the roots of trees in woods. 

87. Dicranum scoparium. 

Var. ^, orthophyllum, Sehimp. I. c. 
Hab. Damp woods. 

88. Dicranum scoparium. 

Var. y. curvulum, Schimp. I. c. 
Hab. Dry rocks. Palisades, New Jersey. 

89. Dicranum scoparium. 

Var. minor. 
Hab. Sandy banks, near Closter, New Jersey. 

3 



18 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



90. Dicranum scoparium. 

Var. rupestre. — Sidliv. ^ Lesqx. 3Iusc. Exsic. ed. 2, 
no. 76. 

Hab. On granitic and trap rocks abowt Little Falls and in the 
mountains of New Jersey ; usually sterile. 

91. Dicranum scoparium. 

Var. S. paludosum, Scliimp. I. c. 
Hab. Springy places in swamps near Closter, New Jersey. 

92. Dicranum palustre. 

La Pyl. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 79. 

Hab. Peat-bogs, Pennsylvania and Ohio, Lesquereux. Canada, 
Macoun. 

93. Dicranum Schraderi. 

Scliwcegr. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 80. 
Hab. Swamps and wet woods ; common in New Jersey. 

94. Dicranum Schraderi, var. 

Hab. Peat-bogs, Northern New Jersey, &c. 

95. Dicranum spurium. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 81. 
Hab. Rocks on mountains. Northern New Jersey to Canada, rare. 

96. Dicranum spurium, var. 
D. condeiisatuin, Hedw. sp. Muse. p. 139, t. 34. 

Hab. a, with the ])reccding, near Colcville, New Jersey ; B, in dry 
white sand in the pine barrens of New Jersey ; very common. 

97. Dicranum undulatum. 

Turner. ■ — Bryol. Europ. I. i. 82, 83. 

Hab. On rocks and on the ground in dry rocky woods, Palisades, 
near " Baumpies Hook," New Jersey, &c. ; common in mountainous 
districts. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



19 



-X 98. Dicranum robustum, 

Blytt. — Brjiol. Europ. I. t. 84. — D. Drummondi, 
C. Mull. Synop. ; Sulliv. 3Iosses of the U. S.,p. 23. 

IIab. Swamps about Closter (-iterile) : Pine b:\rrcns of New Jersey, 
James. Catskill Mountains, PtcL: Canada, Mucoun. 

99. Leucobryum glaucum. 

(^LinnJ) — Oncopliorus glaucus, Bryol. Europ. I. t. 97, 
98. — Leucobrjnin vulgare, Hnmpe et audi. plur. 

IIab. On the j^iound in woods, very common. 

100. Fissidens bryoides. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 101. 
Hab. Steep shaded banks and in green-houses, not rare. 

101. Fissidens incurvus. 

Scliiccegr. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 99. 

Inflorescentia, folioruni forma et structura, etc., maxima 
variabilis ; annulo (qui semper adest) cum operculo 
deciduo. 

Hab. On the ground and on rocks, chiefly along strearris. (Covers 
a multitude of nominal species, and ajtpears to occur, in one or more 
of its forms, in all parts of the habitable globe.) 

102. Fissidens incurvus, var. 

F. minutulus, Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 37, t. 24. 

Hab. On stones in damp, shady or springy places, chiefly along 
woodland rivulets, very common. 

103. Fissidens incurvus, var. 

F. exiguus, Sulliv. Icon. 3Iusc. p. 36, t. 23. 

Hab. Same as the preceding, and in some localities occurring with 
and plainly passing into it. 

104. Fissidens osmundioides. 

Medio. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 103. 
Hxis. Springy places in swamps ; common about Closter, New Jersey. 



20 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



105. Fissidens subbasilaris. 

Hedio. — Su/liv. Icon. 3Iusc. p, 41, t. 26. 

Hab. a, on roots of trees in woods almut Plosfer ; B, on limestone 
roL'ks, Sussex County, N^w Jersey. 

106. Fissidens adiantoides. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. I. t. 105. 

Hab. On wet rocks, banks and swampy ground, very common. 

107. Fissidens taxifolius. 

Medw. — Bnjnl. JEurop. I. t. 104. Var. Inflorescentia 
clioica, foliis obtusis, costa Iiaud exciirrente. 

IIab. Od the ground in woods, not rare. 

103. Conomitrium Julianum. 

Mont. — Octodiceras Julianum, Bryol. Eiirop. 1. 1. 108. 
IIab. Rocky streams, Northern New Jersey and Southern New York. 

108'. Concmitrium Hallianum. 

SulUv. ^ Lesqx. 3Iss. — Platita j^erpusilla cespitans, 
sordide virescens ; caule filiforini subuuciali flcxili 
parce ramoso ; foliis reinotis 5-10-)u<iis linoali-elon- 
gatis ascendeiido majoribus, superioruin lamina api- 
cali duplicaturam triplo snperaiite, costa sub apice 
dt'.sinonto, cellulis inajusculis subquadratls ; flotibus 
masc. et iVm. in raniis elonpatis Ibliatis terminalibns ; 
capsula ovali-oblontra ])latystoina inodice ])L'(licelIata, 
oi)ercnlo conico-iostrato capsula vix breviore, ])erist. 
dentibus loniriusculis e lanceolato subulatis sine liiiea 
divisurali deniisse insertis, caljptra parvula conica 
nno latere fissa. — SuUiv. Icon. 3Iusc. iSiipjjl. 1, ined. 

IIab. On decMve'l wood in a well, Illinois, E H'lll. On shaded 
rocks moi-tenrd hv spri\y, at Little Fulls and Ogdensburg, New 
Jersey, Austin (1SG7). 



MUSCI ArPALACHIANI. 



21 



109. Campylostelium saxicola. 

(W,;b. ^ 3Iohr). — BryoL EuropM.. t. 116. 
IIab. — On sandstone boulders, near Closter, New Jersey, rare. 

110. Seligeria recurvata. 

{Hedw.') — BryoL Europ. II. t. 112. 

llxB. On moist sliaded rocks, at Hohokus and Godwinville, New 
Jersey. 

111. Pottia truncata. 

(Eediv.') — Bnjol. Europ. II. t. 120, 121. 

Hab. Eoadsidcs, near Alban}-, New York ; also about Philadelphia, 
James. 

112. Pottia riparia, Austin. 

Late cfEspitosa, fusco-viridis ; caiile 2-4 liiieas alto; 
foliis late oblonuis A'el subsjinthulatis planis usque 
ad a])icem £:ros.se serraturn A^alide costatis lajvibus 
minute areolatis ; capsula gymnostoma oblongo-cy- 
lindiica in pedicello pertenui longe exserta, annulo 
lato dnplici, columella longe emergente. — Sullio. 
Icon. 31iisc. Suppl. 1, ined. 

IIab. On moist rocks along .streams, Palisades and Northern New 
Jersey and Southern New York ; rarely fertile. 

113. Didymodon rubellus. 

(^Ro(Ji). — Bnjol. Europ. II. t. 185. 

IIab. On rocks along streams, Northern New Jersey to Canada. 

t 114. Didymodon cylindricus, 

{Brucli). — Bryol. Europ. II. t. 187. 

IIab. Moist rocks and banks. Northern Now .Jer«ey ; also Southern 
and Central New York, rare ; sterile. 



22 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



115. Didymodon? diversifolius, Austin. 

Dense ca^spitosus, lurido vel fuscescente viridis ; canle 
subunciali (iracili ; foliis patenti-recurvis' obtusis vel 
nonnullo acutiuscniis canalici^latis fere ad apicein 
costatis subpapillosis subiiiiiformi-areolatis, maroini- 
bus integerrimis recurvis longissime decurrentibus : 
fl. masc. et fructu ignotis. 

IIab. On sliite rocks, in a ravine, near Newville, Tlerkimer County, 
Jsew York (18G8). About Niagara Falls, 5. T. OInei/. 

116. Ceratodon purpui'eus. 

Bnd. — Bryol. Europ. II. t. 189, 100. 

Hab. Oq the ground, very common. 

117. Ceratodon purpureus. 

Var. aristatus. Foliis angustioribus costa loiige ex- 
cedente instructis ; capsnla pedicelloque pallidiori- 
bus : forsan species propria. 

Hab. In the sandy barrens of New Jersey. 

118. Trichostomum tortile. 

Schrad. — Bnjol. Europ. II. t. 179. 
Hab. Roadsides, frequent. 

119. Trichostomum lineare. 

(Swartz). — Didymodon linearis, Stvartz Adnot. Bot. 
p. 100 (1829). — Trichostomum vaginans, SuUiv. 
Muse. Alleghan. (1846) ; Icon. 3Iusc. p. 43, t. 28 
(1864). 

Hab. Roadsides, &c., New Jersey and Southern New York, common. 

120. Trichostomum pallidum. 

Hediv. — Bri/ol. Europ. II. t. 183. 
Had. On the ground, very common. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



23 



121. Trichostomum glaucescens. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Eiirop. II. t. 184. 

Hab. Crevices of rocks, Little Falls, New Jersey, and Haverstraw, 
New York. 

122. Desmatodon arenaceus. 

Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 45, t. 29. 

Hab. On the ground, Clostcr and Soathem New Jersey, rare and 
mostly sterile. 

123. Desmatodon Forteri. 

James, 3Iss. — Habitn statiiraque D. obiusifoUo similis, 
ab hoc et aliis concreneribus foliis margiiie erectis 
atque limbo pellucido plus minus distincto superne 
circumductis statim distinguitur. — Sulliv. Icon. 
Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Hab. On rocks, " College Hill," Easton, Pennsylyania, Prof. Thos. 
C. Porter ; also Niagara Falls, G. W. Clinton. 

124. Earbula unguiculata. 

mdw. — Bri/ol. Europ. II. t. 142, 143. 

Hab. On the ground, and on old walls, common. 

125. Barbula fallax. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. II. t. 147. 

Hab. Closter and Northern New Jersey to Canada, rare. 

126. Barbula convoluta. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. II. t. 154. 

Var. foliis ansustioribus liffulatis valde obtusis made- 
factis minus recurvis papillis majoribus obtectis, costa 
sub apice desinente, perichEetialibus intimis costatis 
muticis apice subdenticulatis ; pedunculo magis tor- 
tuoso. 

Hab. On alkaline earth, not common. 



24 



MUSCI APPALACHIAXI. 



127. Barbula csBspitosa. 

Schwcer/r. — Bnjol. Earop. II. t. 149. 
Hab. About the roots of ^rees, common. 

128. Barbula tortuosa. 

Weh. ^ Mohr. — Bryol. Europ. II. t. 151. 
Hab. On rocks, common ; rarely fertile. 

129. Barbida fragilis. 

<iE)oTc. ^ TFiTs.) — Bryol. Europ. YI. t. fi39. — Trl- 
cliostomum fragile, Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. Muse. Exsic. 
ed. 2, no. 149. 

Hab. On dry limestone rocks, at the Xew Jersey Zinc Mines ; sterile. 

130. Barbula muralis. 

Sedw. — Bryol. Europ>. II. t. 159. 

Hab. On old walls. Palisades and Central New Jersey ; also Eastern 
Pennsylvania, Porter, James. 

131. Barbula ruralis. 

Sedw. — Bryol. Europ. II. t. 166. 
Hab. Canada, Macoun, Oilman. 

132. Barbula ruralis. 

Var. rupestris. ScTiimp. Synop. Muse. Europ. p. 
192. — Syntricliia intermedia, Brid. Bryol. Univ. 

Hab. On rocks at the foot of the Palisades ; also about the Zinc 
Mines, Sussex County, New Jersey. 

133. Barbula papillosa. 

Wils. — Bryol. Brit. p. 135, t. 44. 

Hab. On the trunks of shade-trees. Central New Jersey ; also on 
limestone rocks about the Zinc Mines. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



25 



134. Grimmia apocarpa. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 233, 234. 

Hab. On rocks, in moist ravines, common. 

135. Grimmia apocarpa. 

Var. gracilis. 

Hab. On shaded rocks, Palisades and Greenwood Mountains, New 
Jersey. 

136. Grimmia apocarpa. 

Var. rivularis. 

Hab. On rocks, in rivulets. 

137. Grimmia apocarpa, var. 

BLab. Same as the preceding. 

138. Grimmia conferta. 

Funk. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 232. 

Hab. On rocks and on the ground, Passaic Falls, New Jersey. 

139. Grimmia conferta, var. 1. 

Hab. On rocks and on the ground, in the limestone regions of 
Northern New Jersey. 

140. Grimmia conferta, var. 2. 

Hab. Dry limestone rocks, near Sparta, New Jersey, 

141. Grimmia conferta, var. 3. 

Hab. Dry, exposed trap rocks, near Haverstraw, New York. 

4 



26 MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 

142. Grimmia ambigua. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p.^^Q, t. 41. 

Hab. Kocks on " High Tornf!,' near Haverstraw, New York. 

143. Grimmia Fennsylvanica. 

Schwoegr. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 68, t. 43. 

Hab. a. on dry rocks, common ; B. on rocks in streams, Northern 
New Jersey, scarce. 

144. Grimmia Olneyi. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 67, t. 42. 

Hab. On exposed rocks, Palisades, and Northern New Jersey and 
Southern New York ; also on rocks subject to inundation along the 
banks of the Passaic and Delaware Rivers. 



145. Grimmia Olneyi, pi. masc. 

Hab. River banks, with the preceding. 

146. Grimmia leucophaea. 

Grrev. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 257. 
Hab. Exposed rocks. Palisades, &c. ; sterile. 

147. Racomitrium aciculare. 

Brid. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 262. 

Hab. Rocky beds of streams, Palisades, New Jersey, &c. ; rarely 
fertile. 

148. Racomitriiim Sudeticum. 

Brid. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 264. 

Hab. On irrigated rocks, SufFern, New York, and Northern New 
Jersey. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



27 



149. Racomitrium microcarpum. 

Brid. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 268. 

Hab. Exposed rocks, in the Ramapo Mountains of New York and 
New Jersej ; rare. 

150. Hedwigia ciliata. 

Ehrh. — Bryol. Europ., III. t. 272, 273. 

Hab. Exposed rocks and boulders, common ; also occasionally on 
old logs, in swamps. 

151. Hedwigia ciliata, var. 

Hab. Inundated rocks, in the Passaic River, near Paterson and 
Little Falls, New Jersey. 

152. Drummondia clavellata. 

Hook. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 52, t. 33. 

Hab. On the trunks and branches of trees (particularly Juni'perus 
Virginiana) , and on old stone fences, very common. 

153. Ptychomitrium incurvum. 

Schwcegr. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 63, t. 89. 

Hab. On old stone fences (rarely on rocks). Northern New Jersey 
and Southern New York. 

154. Amphoridium Lapponicum. 

(^Sedw.^ Sehimp. — Z vgodon Lapponicus, Bryol. Europ. 
III. t. 206. 

Hab. Crevices of damp rocks. Northern New Jersey, &c. 

155. Amphoridium Mougeotii. 

Sehimp. — Zygodon Mougeotii, Bryol. Europ. III. t. 
206. 

Hab. Wet rocks, with the preceding. 



28 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



156. Orthotrichum Ludwigii. 

Schwcegr. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 225. 
Hab. On- trees and stone fences, not common. 

157. Orthotrichum Hutchinsiae. 

Hook. ^ Tayl. — Bryol Europ. III. t. 226. 

Hab. On dry rocks, frequent ; also occasionally on the roots of trees. 

158. Orthotrichum crispum. 

Hedw.— Bryol. Europ. III. t. 228. 
Hab. On trees and bushes, common. 

159. Orthotrichum crispulum. ' 

Hornsch. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 228. 

Hab. On trees, particularly Betida lutea, rather scarce. 

160. Orthotrichum anomalum. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 210. 

Hab. On rocks, along rivers, Little Falls, &c., New York ; also 
Canada, Macoun. 

161. Orthotrichum Porteri. 

Sulliv. Lesqx. Mss. — Habitu et statura inter 0. 
Peckii atque O. anomalum medium ten ens, a primo 
capsula subexserta oblongo-elliptica, etc., ab altero 
capsula multo minore octo-striata, pedicello breviore, 
calyptra pilosiore, etc. satis distinctum. — Sulliv. 
Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Hab. On rocks about Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Prof. T. C. Porter. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



29 



162. Orthotrichum Feckii. 

SulHv. ^ Lesqx. Mss. — Magnitudine foliis capsulseque ^ 
obovat* immersae formam 0. cupidaluvi referens, 
sed capsula constanter octo-striata, perist. dentibus 
punctulato-striolatis, calyptra exiraie pilosa, etc. fa- 
cile distinguitur. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, 
ined. 

Hab. On dry limestone rocks, Sussex County, New Jersey, and 
Orange County, New York ; also on the Adirondack Mountains, 
C. H. Peck. 

163. Orthotrichum Lescurii. 

Austin. — SuUiv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Monoicum, pusillum, saturate viride : foliis longiusculis 
anguste lanceolatis acutis margine valde revolutis 
papillulosis valido-costatis ; capsula immersa ovali 
8-costata ; perist. simplicis dentibus 16 sordide al- 
bescentibus pellucide punctulatis ; calyptra parce 
pilosa dimidiam capsulae cttegente ; operculo de- 
presso-convexo breviter apiculato. 

Ab 0. cupulato distinctum statura minore, foliis an- 
gustioribus laxius areolatis, capsula omnino immersa, 
dentibus perist. albescentibus punctulatis (baud fla- 
vescentibus oblique verraiculatis), etc. 

Hab. On dry shaded rocks, Northern New Jersey and Southern New 
York. " On trees," Canada West, Macoun. 

164. Orthotrichum obtusifolium. 

Schrad. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 208. 

Hab. On trees along highways, rare, sterile. 

y 165. Orthotrichum pumilum. 

Swartz/ Disp. Muse. Suec. p. 42, et 92, t. IV. /. 9. 
— O. fallax, Bryol. Europ. 

Hab. On shade-trees in the towns and villages of Central New Jersey. 



30 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



166. Orthotrichum strangulatum. 

Beauv. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 57, t. 36. 
Hab. On trees, common. 

167. Orthotrichum strangulatiun. 

Var, colore saturate viridi. 
Hab. On apple-trees, Haverstraw, New York. 

168. Orthotrichum sordidum. 

Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. Mss. — Fusco-viride ; caule 6 - 8-li- 
neari ; foliis confertis patentissimis ligulato-lanceolatis 
modice carinato-costatis sensim longius acutatis, mar- 
ginibus reflexis ; capsula immersa obovata in pedi- 
cellum brevissimum longe defluente late 8-striata ; 
perist. duplic.is dentibus bigeminatis superne in axi 
fenestratis, ciliis 8 sequilongis ; calyptra pilosinscula. 
— Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Hab. On trees. New Jersey and New York, very common ; also 
about Cambridge, Massachusetts, Lesqx., James. 

169. Orthotrichum Ohioense. 

Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. Mss. — Monoicum, pusillum, flaves- 
centi-viride ; caule 3 - 6-lineari ; foliis laxiusculis e 
basi oblonga erecta elongato-lanceolatis costa carina- 
tis patentissimis acutis n^argine revolutis ; capsula 
oblongo-obovata immersa anguste 8-striata sicca, 
vacua campanulata pallide luteola ; perist. dentibus 
bigeminatis 8 triangulai'i-lanceolatis crebre punctu- 
latis, ciliis 8 ; calyptra ])il()sa. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. 
• Suppl. 1, ined. — O. Canadense Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. 
Muse. Exsicc. no. 181, Ed. 2, twn Br. ^ Sch. in 
Lond. Jour. Bot. p. 67, 1843. 

Hab. On trees, Ohio and adjacent States ; common. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



31 



170. Orthotrichum citrinum. ~ 

Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. Mss. — DifFert a prjecedente persi'mili ^ ^ ^ 
foliis angustioribus intense viridibus, capsula piilchre f 
citrina tenuiore multo latius striata, perist. duplicis i 
dentibus brevioribus, calyptra minus profunde pli- 
cata, etc. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1 , ined. 
Hab. On trees, New Jersey and New York, not rare. 

171. Orthotrichum psilocarpum. 

James. — Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. Muse. Bor. Amer. Exsic. 
Ed. 2, no. 130. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Hab. With No. 165; also in South Carolina, Ravend. 

172. Orthotrichum leiocarpum. 

Brt/ol. Europ. III. t. 230. 

Hab. On Juniperus Virginiana, Palisades, New Jersey, very rare. 
New York, Peck. Canada, Macoun. 

173. Tetraphis pellucida. 

Hedw.—Bryol. Europ. Ilf. t. 196. 

Hab. On rotten wood, common. 

174. Encalypta ciliata. 

Eedw. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 200. 

Hab. Wet rocks, near Haverstraw, New York. Near Albany, Peck. 
Canada, Macoun. New Hampshire, James. 

175. Encalypta streptocarpa. 

Eedw. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 204. 

Hab. On limestone rocks, Sussex County, New Jersey ; also in 
Southern and Central New York. Easton, Pennsylvania, James. 
British America, H. GiUman ; sterile. 



32 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



176. Schistostega osmundacea. 

:^Web. ^ Mokr.% — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 279. 

Hab. On the roots of prostrated trees and in crevices of rocks, near 
Sandlake, New York, Peck. White Mountains, New Hampshire, 
James. Lake Superior, H. Gillman. 

177. Tetraplodon australis. 

Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. — Sulliv. Icon, Muse. p. 97, t. 58. 

ELa3. On the excrement of herbivorous animals in the cedar swamps 
of Southern New Jersey, frequent. 

"I^l 178. Aphanoregma serratum. 

l-tSysJA't C^c<^^' # Wils.) — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 95, t. 57. 

Hab. On damp ground, common. 

179. Fhyscomitriiim immersum. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 93, t. 56. 

Hab. Low banks of the Delaware, at Camden and Philadelphia ; also 
near Albany, Peck. 

180. Fhyscomitrium pyriforme. 

Brid. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 299. 

Hab. On damp ground, frequent. 

181. Funaria hygrometrica. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. III. t. 305. 

Hab. On alkaline earth and old walls, frequent. (Very common 
about lime-kilns.) 

182. Funaria hygrometrica 

Var. patula. Saturate vel nigro-viridis ; caule ple- 
rumque longiori dense cajspitoso valde radiculoso ; 
foliis patulis, costa plerumque excurrente. 

Hab. Chiefly on damp walls. New Jersey, &c. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



33 



183. Funaria flavicans. 

Michx. — Sidliv. Icon. Muse. p. 87, t. 53. 

Hab. In pastures, on small patches of ground where the jgrass is 
killed by urine. , 

184. Bryxim pyriforme. 

(iiwn.) Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 855. 

Hab. On old walls and moist calcareous earth ; also occasionally on 
rotten wood in swamps. 

185. Bryum nutans. 

Schreh. — Bryol. Europ. lY. t. 348. 

Hab. On shaded grotmd, common. 

186. Bryum nutans, var. 

Hab. On exposed rocks, upon mountaLn-top8.-«# New Jersey and 
New York. 

187. Bryum crudum 

Schreh. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 348. 
Hab. Banks of ravines, not rare ; sterile in New Jersey. 

188. Bryum annotinum 

Schreh. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 852. 
Hab. Wet rocks and banks, scarce ; rarely fertile. 

189. Bryum albicans. 

(^Wahlenb.') — Bryum Walilenbergii, Schwcegr. — 
Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 354. 

Hab. On wet rocks and banks ; common, but rare in fruit. 

5 



34 MUSCI APPALACHIAls'I. 

190. Brjrum Lescurianum. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 81, t. 50. 

Hab. On banks along roadsides, &c. ; Palisades, Northern New 
Jersey, and Southern New York. 

191. Bryum uligmosum. 

iBruch/)— Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 335. 

Hab. "Wet rocks near Haverstraw, New York ; also near Fort Ed- 
ward (Howe). 

192. Bryum cyciophyllum. 

{Schicce'jr.)—BryoL Europ. IV. t. 370. 

Hab. About the roots of trees subject to inundation, in a fswamp 
near Cioster. New Jersey, rare ; sterile. 

193. Erytim intermedium. 

Brid. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 356. 

Hab. Old walls, stumps, crevices of rocks, and on calcareous earth, 
frequent. 

194. Bryimi bimum. 

Schreh. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 363. 

Hab. Wet places, common. 

195. Bryum bimum, var. 

Hab. Wet rocks. Palisades, New Jersey. 

196. Bryum cemuum. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 332. 

Hab. About the roots of trees in open woods, in the vicinity of 
Cioster, New Jersey. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



35 



197. Bryum caespiticium. 

Linn. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 374, 375. 
Hab. On the ground, old walls, &c., very common. 

198. Bryum argenteum. 

Linn. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 384. 

Hab. On the ground, old roofs, &c., common. 

199. Brjmm capillare. 

Linn. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 368. 
Hab. Shaded banks, rocks, &c. ; common, but sterile in New Jersej. 

200. Bryum pseudo-triquetrum. 

Schwcegr. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. ^ 

Hab. Moist rocks ; very common in Northern New Jersey and 
Southern New TorL 

201. Bryum pseudo-triquetrum, var. 

Hab. Wet rocks. Palisades, New Jersey, rare. 

202. Bryum DuvaliL 

Voit. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. -3^. ^7^ 

Hab. On slate rocks along streams, Herkimer County, New York. 
Canada, Maeoun. 

203. Bryum roseum. 

Schreh. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 365. 

Hab. On decayed wood, on the ground about the roots of trees and 
on moist rocks, frequent. 



36 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



204. Mnium cuspidatum. 

Eedw. — Bryol. JEurop. IV. t. 396. 

Hab. On damp shaded ground, rocks, &c., common. 

205. Mnium affine. 

Bland. — Bryol Burop. IV. t. 397. 
Hab. Swamps and wet rocks, common. 

206. Mnium medium? 

Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 398. Flores bisexuales, csetero- 
quin a praecedente baud diversum. 

Hab. Wet rocks. Little Falls, New Jersey ; also near Fort Edward, 
New York (Howe). 

207. Mnium rostratum. 

Schwcegr. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 395. 

Hab. Wet rocks, Palisades and Northern New Jersey, and Southern 
New York, rare. 

208. Mnium lycopodioides. 

Hook. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 392. 

Hab. On shaded rocks, Northern New Jersey ; also on decayed logs 
in Herkimer County, New York. 

209. Mnium spinulosum. 

Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 394. 

Hab. On rocks in a ravine at Godwinville, Kair- Jersey ; also on 
wooded banks, Rockland and Herkimer Counties, New York, &c. 

210. Mnium serratum. 

Erid. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 391. 

Hab. Shaded banks and crevices of rocks, FalisiCdeq and Northern 
New Jersey, scarce. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



37 



211. Mnium hornum. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 390. 

Hab. a. in cedar swamps near New Durham, New Jersey ; B. rocky 
or sandy banks of streams, New Jersey and Southern New York. 

212. Mnium punctatum. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 387. 
Hab. Swamps, common. 

213. Mnium punctatum, var. 

Hab. Banks of rivulets, common. 

214. Mnium cinclidioides (pi. fern.). 

BlytU — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 402. 

Hab. Swamps and wet woods, Palisades (frequent), and Northern 
New Jersey, and Southern New York ; sterUe. 

215. Mnium cinclidioides, pi. masc. 

Hab. Same as the preceding. 

216. Mnium stellare. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 401. 

Hab. On shaded cliffs and banks, and about the roots of trees 
in swamps, rather frequent, but rarely fertile. 

217. Meesia tristicha. 

(Funky).— Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 311. 

Hab. Wet meadows about Closter, New Jersey. 



38 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



218. Aulacomnion palustre. 

(^lAnn.') Schwcegr. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 405. 
Hab. Swamps and low grounds, common. 

219. AulacomnioA palustre. 

Var. rupestre. Foliis apice saepe valde obtusis atque 
cucucullatis. 

Hab. Moist rocks, Palisades, near Closter, New Jersey. 

220. Aulacomnion heterostichum. 

Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 403. 

Hab. On banks and about the roots of trees in woods; common in 
New Jersey. 

221. Bartramia pomiformis. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 319. 

Hab. Same as the preceding, very common. 

222. Bartramia OBderi. 

Swartz.-Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 318. 

Hab. Banks of ravines, Northern New Jersey to Canada. 

223. Bartramia fontana- 

Brid. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 324. 
Hab. Banks of rivulets, and in springy places, common. 



224. Bartramia fontana, var. 

Hab. Wet sloping rocks, near Suffem, New York. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



39 



225. Bartramia Marchica. 

Brid. — Bryol. Eump. IV. t. 323. 
Hab. Wet rocks and banks, not frequent. 

226. Bartramia Marchica, var." 

Hab. Rocky open places, near Haverstraw, New York. 

227. Timmia megapolitana. 

Eedw. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 407. 

Hab. Banks of ravines. Northern New Jersey and New York. 

228. Atrichum angustatum. 

{Brid.') — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 411. 

Hab. On the ground in open woods and on banks, common. 

229. Atrichum angustatum, pi. masc. 

Hab. Same as the preceding. 

230. Atrichum undulatum. 

Beauv. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 410. 
Hab. Shaded banks, common. 

231. Atrichum crispum. 

James. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 73, t. 46. 

Hab. Sandy banks of streams, near Camden (James), and Toms 
River, New Jersey. 

232. Fogonatum brevicaule. 

Brid. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 75, t. 47. 

Hab. On banks, roadsides, &c., common. 



40 



MUSCI APPALACHIAXI. 



233. Pogonatum brevicaule, pi. masc. 

Hab. Same as the preceding. 

234. Pogonatum brachyphyllum. 

Beduv. — Sulliv. Icon. M%i9c. p. 77, t. 48. 

Hab. On sandy loam, along roadsides, near Toms Eiver, New Jersey. 

235. Polytrichum commune. 

Linn. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 425. 
Hab. On the ground, in woods and old sterile fields, very common. 

236. Polytrichum formosimi. 

Linn. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 425. 

Hab. Abont the roots of trees in damp woods, and on flat shaded 
rocks, common. 

237. Pol3rtrichum juniperinum. 
Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 423. 
Hab. On the ground, in dry exposed places, common. 

238. Polytrichum strictum. 

Menzies. — Schimp. Synop. Muse. p. 448. — Bryol. 
Europ. rV. t. 424 (jiub P. juniper, vars."). 

Hab. Sandy barrens of New Jersey, common. 

239. Polytrichimi piliferum. 
Schreb. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 422. 

Hab. In old fields (fertile) and on flat rocks (sterile), near Closter, 
New Jersey. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



41 



240. Diphyscium foliosum. 

Web. ^ Mohr. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 428 et VI. t. 641. 
Uab. On banks in woods and rocky ravines, common. 

241. Diphyscium foliosum, pi. masc. 

Hab. Crevices of wet rocks. 

242. Buxbaumia aphylla. 

Ealler. — Bryol. Europ. IV. t. 427 et VI. t. 641. 

* Had. On the ground in open woods, rare. 

243. Fontinalis antipyretica. 
Linn. — Var. gigantea, Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 106, t. 66. 

Hab. In rivulets, common ; sterile. 

244. Fontinalis Novae Angliae. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 101, t. 65. 

Hab. In springs, and in rivulets in swampy places, common ; sterile. 

245. Fontinalis biformis. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 99, t. 59, 60. 

Hab. Woodland rivnlets, Columbus, Ohio, Sullivant. 

246. Fontinalis Lescurii. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 101, t. 61. 

Hab. Ponds and sluggish streams. Southern New Jersey; sterile. 

247. Fontinalis Lescurii, rar. 

Hab. In rocky rivulets, common. 

6 



42 



irUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



248. Fontinalis Lescurii. 

Var. ? cymbifolia. Foliis stricte patentibus magis con- 
cavis : forsan species propria. 

IIab. Ponds of Northern New Jersey; sterile. 

249. Fontinalis feullivanti. 

Lindberg in Finska Vet. Socict. Forhandl. XII, 2, 
1869, p. 77. — Fontinalis Lescurii var. gracilescens 
Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 101. 

Inter F. Lescurii et F. disticham intermedia, ab illo 
recedit gracilitate, foliis remotis angustioribns lurKlo- 
pallidis, cellulis angularibus niaximis, perichaetiali- 
bus a]Mce liaud undiilatis, capsula cylindrica, oper- 
culo longiore, etc. : ab hoc statura majore, caule 
multo flexiliore, afFatim raniulosa, foliis rigidioribus, 
capsulis numerosissiinis brevioribus latioribus, etc. 
Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Hab. Stagnant pools in woods, about Closter, New Jersey, Austin. 

250. Fontinalis filiformis. 

Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. — Fontinalis disticha var. tenuior, 
Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 103, t. 61. 

Hanc speciem liucusqne cum F- disticlia confn.sam, 
habitus tenuior, ramiticatio copiosissima, caulis ra- 
mulique graciliores debiliores, folia convoluta angus- 
tiora vigidiora laxius areolata, capsula? maxime 
numerosaj magis elongataj, perist. denies lanceolato- 
subulati vix lacunosi ci'ebrius articulati, etc. satis 
superque distinguunt. 

Hab. Southern Kentucky, Lesquereux. 

251. Fontinalis Dalecarlica. 

Bryol. Europ. V. t. 431. 

IIab. Eocky rivulets, common. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



43 



251^ Fontinalis Neo-Mexicana. 

Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. Mss. — " Species rlistinctissima F. an- 
tipyreticw liabitiim femulans, distat tanien statura 
paulo minore, foliis maxima coiifertis rigidioribus 
obtuse carinatis plus minus subcomplicatis multo 
angustius lineari-areolatis, celliilis basis subauricu- 
lat« decurrentis ampliatis rufulis oblongis ; perist. 
dentibus 18-20 (non 25-30) articulatis ; perichae- 
tialibus breviter cuspidatis raro prreniorsis ad basin 
(ut in reliquis foliis) colore rubro aurantiaco tinctis, 
etc. 

In F. Dalecarlic.a specie baud dissimili Iwbitus gracili- 
or, ramificatio copiosior, folia concava, perist. dentes 
lacunosi paucius articulati, etc. reperiuntur. 

Nomen Neo-Mexicana primo nostrse plantfe impositum 
postea incaute deletum nunc (fructu tandem noto) 
restituimus." 

Fontinalis Neo-Mexicana Sulliv. ^ Lesqx. Mmc. Ex- 
eiec. n. 224*^ (1856). — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 
1, ined. — F. antipyretica, var. ^S". ^ L. Muse. Ex- 
siee. ed. 2, 7io. 334 (1865). — F. Mercediana, Lesqx. 
in Mem. Califor. Acad. Sci. l,p. 28 (1867). 

Hab. Mountain rivulets, New Mexico, Wright; Rocky Mountains, 

HaU. 



252. Dichel3mia capillaceum. 

Dill. — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 436. 

Hab. In stagnant pools in woods, adhering to roots of trees and 
sticks, common. 



253. Cryphsea glomerata. 

Schimp. — Sidliv. Icon. 3Iusc. p. 107, t. 67. 

Hab. On Red Cedars, Palisades, New Jersey, rare ; common in the 
South. 



44 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



254. Leptodon trichomitrion. 

Mohr. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 112, t. 71. 
Hab. On trees and rocks, common. 

255. Neckera pennata. 

Eediv. — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 440. 

Hab. On trees and rocks, common. 

256. Omalia trichomannoides. 

(^Schreh.') — Bryol. Europ.Y. t. 446. — O. Jamesii, 
Schimp. Synop. Muse. Europ. annot. p. 473. 

Hab. On rocks in damp ravines, Central New York, rare; more 
common on the higher mountains. 

257. Omalia gracilis. 

James in Peck'' s Catal. N. York plants. (1869.) 

DifFert ab O. Sendtneriana, cui hand dissimilis, statura 
minore graciliore, ramificatione copiosore, ramulis 
filescentibus flexilibus subjulaceo-foliatis, foliis ratneis 
complanatis duj)lo brevioribus atque angustioribus 
minus obtusis, cellulis paiillum majoribus, j)erigoni- 
alibns ovatis acute acuminatis, etc. — Fl. foem. et 
fr. ignotis. 

Hab. Under ovcrhangins: rocks, New Jersey ; Adirondack and Cats- 
kill Mountains, New York, James, Peck. 

258. Leucodon julaceus. 

(^Hedw.') Schwoigr. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 110, t. 69. 
Hab. On trees, common. 

259. Leucodon julaceus, pi. masc. 

Hab. Same as the preceding. 



,1 . 



^rr, « BOTANICAL. 

257. Omalia gracilis. ^^^^^^j, 

v7a»i(^s iH PecUs Calal N. Y. plants. (1869.) 

Differt ab 0. Sendtnericno, eui haud c!is.?imilis, statura 
minore graciliore, A-amiticatione copiosore, ramiilis 
fileficentibus flexilibiis subjulaceo-foliatis, foliis rarn- 
eis complanafcis duplo bre^-ioribas atque angustiori- 
bus minus obtusis, cellulis pauUum majoribus, inflor- 
e?2centia (solum in planta masculina Nov-Cassaren- 
si observata) dioica, foliis perigonialibus (paucis) 
ovatis longinscule acute acuminatis celiulis longiori- 
bus sub-marginatis, etc. — Perigoniis paucis (2-4) 
magis parce parapbysatis ; fl. fcem. et fructu ignotis. 

Hab. Under overhnnging rocks, New Jersey ; also Adirondack 
and Catskill ]\Iountains, New York, James Peel:. 




MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



45 



260. Leucodon julaceus. 

Forma stolonifera. 
Hab. On Ked Cedars, Palisades, New Jersey. 

261. Leucodon brachypus. 

Brid. — Sulliv. Icon. 3Iusc. p. Ill, t. 70. 
Hab. On trees and rocks, chiefly in hilly districts. 

262. Thelia hirtella. 

(^Hedw.^ — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 128, t. 80. 

Hab. On the trunks of trees near the ground, common ; rarely on 

'"'^^^ LIBRARY 

NEW YORK 

263. Thelia asprella. 

(^Schimp.') — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 129, t. 81. 

Hab. On the roots of trees, old stumps, and on stones in open woods, 
commou. 

264. Thelia Lescurii. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 130, t. 82. 

Hab. a, on flat rocks, Palisades; B, on white sand, about the basa 
of stunted oaks, in Southern New Jersey. 

265. Myurella Careyana. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 131, t. 83. 

Hab. Banks of ravines, about Hohokus and in the mountains of 
New Jersey, rare in fruit. 

266. Myurella julacea. 

QVillars'). — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 560. 

Hab. On rocky ground and in fissures of rocks, near Belleville, 
i^Canada West, Macoun. 



46 



MUSCI APPALACHIAXI. 



267. Leskea denticulata (pi. foem.). 
SuUiv. Icon. Muse. p. 125, t. 78. 

Hjlb. On dry rocks and roots of trees, not rare, but always sterile in 
New York and New Jersey. 

268. Leskea Austini. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Monoica, parvnla, intricato-ctespitosa, triste-viridis ; 
caule irregnlariter raraoso ; foliis humidis patulis vel 
subsquari'osis ovatis longe tenui-aciiminatis acumine 
subiiitegris ultra medium costatis papillosis, cellulis 
crassiusculis mar<iini5 iiiferioris quadratis seriatis, 
mediis et apicalibiis ellipticis elongatis ; capsula 
erecta oblongo-ovali microstoma exannulata ; pedi- 
cello 5-10 lineari ; peristomio duplici, externo e 
dentibus 16 triangulari-Uinceolatis demisse insertis 
16 - 20-articulatis utraque facie planis papillulosis 
opacis, interne e membrana brunneo-lutea annuli- 
formi capsulae orificinm paulo superante ; operculo 
brevi-conico ; calyptra. . . . 

Species ambigua hie ad Leskeam illic ad Hnbrndnnt; prp 
accedens. 

Hab. On stone fences, Sussex County, New Jersey, Austin ; on 
trunks of trees, Fulton County, Illinois, Wolf. 

269. Leskea polycarpa. 

Ehrh. — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 4^. h ^0 

Hab. On old roofs and shade-trees in towns, and on shaded old stone 
fences along highways ; also on the roots of trees within the reach 
of floods. ^ 

270. Leskea obscura. 

Redw. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 123, t. 77. 

IIajs. On tho roots of trees and on stones within the reach of floods, 
in low grounds, common. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



47 



271. Leskea nervosa. 

(^ScTiwcegr.^ Myrin. — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 472. 

Hab. On the roots of trees in expo'cd and elevated situations, Her- 
kimer County, New York ; sterile. 

272. Anomodon rostratus. 

(JEedw^ Schimp. — Leskea rostrata, Hedw. — Bryol. 
Europ. V. t. 473. 

Hab. About the roots of trees in woods, forming dense cushions. 

273. Anomodon tristis. 

(^Cesati) Hook. ^ Tayl. — Hypnum triste, C. Mull. 
Synop. Muse. p. 478. — Leskea fraffilis, Hook. ^ 
Wils. in Drumm. Muse. Amer. Coll. 2, no. 101. 

Hab. On trees and rocks, common ; always sterile. 

274. Anomodon attenuatus. 

Hartm. — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 475. 
Hab. About the roots of trees and on rocks, common. 

275. Anomodon obtusifolius. 

Bryol. Europ. — Sidliv. Icon. Muse. p. 119, t. 74. 
Hab. On trunks of trees and rocks, common. 

276. Anomodon obtusifolius. 

Var. fragilis. 
Hab. On trees about Closter, New Jersey. 

277. Anomodon apiculatus. 

Bryol. Europ. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 120, t. 75. 

Hab. On trees in swamps, Herkimer County, New York ; also Can- 
ada, Macoun, Gillman. 



48 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



278. Anomodon viticulosus. 

{Linn.') Hook. ^ Tayl—Bryol. Uurop. V. t. 476. 

Hab. On limestone rocks, Sussex County, New Jersey ; also Helder- 
bei-g Mountains and Little Falls, New York ; sterile. 

279. Anacamptodon splachnoides. 

JBrid. — Bryol. Uurop. V. t. 453. 
Hab. About rotten knots on trees, rare. 

280. Pterigynandrum filiforme. 

Hediv. — Bj-yol Uurop. V. t. 460. 

Hab. On rocks and roots of trees, chiefly in mountainous localities, 
New Jersey (Palisades) to Canada. 

281. Platygyrium repens. 

Bryol. Uurop. V. t. 458. 

Hab. On the roots of the Chestnut and Beech, but more commonly 

on dead wood, frequent. 

282. Cylindrothecium seductrix. 

(^Hedw.') — Bryol. Uurop. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 
145, t. 92. 

Hab. On roots of trees, stones, old logs, &c. ; also on moist or wet 
ground, very common. 

283. Cylindrothecium seductrix, var. 

Hab. On dry rocks, old roofs, &c. 

284. Cylindrothecium cladorrhizans. 

(^Hedw.') — Bryol. Uurop. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 
148, t. 91. 

Hab. On old logs, roots of trees, &c., Palisades and Northern New 
Jersey to Canada. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



49 



285. Cylindrothecium brevisetum. 

( TF<7s.) — Bryol. Europ. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 
150, t. 9G. 

Hab. On leaning trunks of trees, old logs and stone fences ; also on 
rocks, associated with Dicramm scoparium var. rupesire (No. ; 
Palisades and Northern New .Jersey, &c. 

286. Climacium dendroides. 

(Bill.') Web. et Mohr. — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 437. 

Hab. In swamps about Closter and Toms TJivcr, New Jersey ; near 
Schoharie, New York [Miss R. Waterbiiry) ; New Brunswick (Fuw- 
lev). 

287. Climacium Americanum. 

Brid. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 151, t. 97. 

Hab. On the ground about the roots of trees in swamps, and on 
moist rocks, very common. 

288. Climacium Americanum, var. 

Hab. Low banks of streams in swampy places. 

289. Climacium Americanum. 

Var. fluitans. 
Hab. In stagnant pools in woods, near Closter, New Jersey. 

290. Fylaisaea subdenticulata. 

Schimp. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 137, f. 87. 

Hab. On the base of White Oaks, about Closter, New Jersey. Ohio, 
Sulliuant. 

291. Pylaisaea intricata. 

(Hedio.) ScJiimp. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 139, t. 88, 

Hab. On trees, very common. 



60 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



292. Pylaissea intricata, var. 

IIab. Old rnofs and stone fences along dusty highways, particularly 
in limestone regions, Nortliern New Jersey, &c. 



293. Pylaisaea velutina. 

Bryol. Europ. Mem. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 140, 
t. 89. 

Hab. On trees (chiefly young Elms), in swjimps ; also on old logs, 
&c., in mountainous regions, New Jersey to Canada. 



294. Pylaisaea velutina, var. 

Hab. On Red Cedars, New Jersey. 

295. Homalothecium subcapiUatum. 

(Hedw.^ — Bryol. Europ. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 
141, t. 90. 

Hab. On trees and old roofs, common. 

296. Thuidium pygmseum. 

Bryol. Europ. Mem. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 153, t. 98. 

Hab. On stones along rivulets, Northern New Jersey and Southern 
New York to Oliio, rare. 

297. Thuidium minutulum. 

(^Eedw.') — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 481. 

Hab. On decayed wood in swamps, common. 

298. Thuidium gracile. 

Bruch ^ Sehimp. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 156, 1. 100. 

Had. On decaying logs in damp woods, Western New York, Ohio, 
and Canada. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



61 



299. Thuidium gracUe. 

Var. Laiicastriense, SulUv. rf Lesqx. Muse. Bor. Amer. 
Exsic. ed. 2, no. 411. — Forsaii species propria. 

Hab. On dry sterile ground, in open woods, common (in New Jersey). 

300. Thuidium scitum. 

(^Beauv.') — Salliv. Icon. Muse. p. 155, t. 99. 

Hab. On the base of a tree near Closter, New Jersey. (Matures in 
October and November.) 

301. Thuidium scitum. 

Var. aestivalis, capsula subhorizontali obovata pallida, 
etc. : fruct. matur. in Julio. 

Hab. On the roots of trees. New Jersey and New York, frequent. 

302. Thuidium tamariscinum. 

(Redw.) — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 482, 483. 

JIab. On the roots of trees, old logs, &c., very common. 

303. Thuidium delicatulum. 

(Jjinn.') — Bryol. Europ. Y. t. 484. 

Hab. On shaded rocks and banks, common. 

304. Thuidium abietinum. 

(Linn.') — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 485. 

Hab. On dry limestone ridges, Sussex County, New Jersey, very 
abundant. 

305. Thuidium Blandowii. 

Web. et Mohr. — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 486. 

Hab. Peat-bogs and swamps. Western New York, Clinton ; Canada, 
Macoun. 



52 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



306. Elodium paludosum. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 157, t. 101. 
Foliis ssepe papillosis : an Thuidii species ? 
Hab. Swamps and low grounds, common. 

307. Camptothecium nitens. 

Schreb. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 622. 

Hab. In peat-bogs, near Sparta, New Jersey ; also near Port 
Edward, New York, Howe. 

308. Camptothecium nitens, var. 

Foliis secundis subfalcatis. 
Hab. New Baltimore, Saratoga County, New York, Dr. E. C. Howe. 

309. Brachythecium laetum. 

(^Brid.^ — Bryol. Europ. t. 554 ; Sulliv. Icon. Muse, 
p. 185, t. 115. 

Hab. On the ground, old logs, roots of trees and rocks, common. 

310. Brachythecium acuminatum. 

(^Beauv.^ — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 187, t. 116. 

H.\B. On the roots of trees and on old logs in woods. 

311. Brachythecium acuminatum. 

Var. setosum. — Leslcea setosa, Hedw. Spec. Muse, 
p. 226, t. 57. 

Hab. About roots of trees and on stone fences along dusty highways. 

312. Brachythecium salebrosum. 

(_IIoffm.) — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 549. 
Hab. On the ground, old wood, &c., common. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAKI. 



53 



313. Brach3rthecium salebrosum, var. 

Hab. On the roots of trees, old roof:S, &c. 

314. Brachythecium campestre. 

(^Bruch^'). — BryoJ. Uurop. VI. t. 54.5. 

IIab. On the ground in woods, Closter and Northern New Jersey, 
and Southern New York. 

315. Brachythecium campestre. 

Var. Pedicello fere Itevi. 

Hab. On the ground under shrubbeiy, in yards and gardens, Closter, 
New Jersey. 

316. Brachythecium acutum. 

Mitten in Jour. Linn. Soc. Lond. p. 38, t. 6 (1864). 
— Sulliv. Icon. 3Iusc. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Hab. On the frround in swamps, near Closter, New Jersey. Also 
British Coluniliia, Lijnll. Boston, Massachusetts, D. D. Greene. 
Columbus, Ohio, Hullivant, Lesquereux. Sandlake, New York, 

317. Brachythecium rutabulum . 

(^Linn.') — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 543. 

Hab. On wet shaded ground, dripping rocks, and old wells, common. 

318. Brachythecium rutabulum, rar.*- 

Hab. On wet rocks ; sterile. 



319. Brachythecium rivulare. 

(BrucJy').— Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 546. 
I Uab. On rocks in rivulets, Palisades, New Jersey, &c. ; common. 



64 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



320. Brachythecium rivulare, var. 1. 

Hab. Banks of rivulets, with the preceding. 

321. Brachythecium rivulare, var. 2. 
Foliis secundis brevioribus ssepff'bicostatis. 

Hab. On rocks in rivulets, Northern New Jersey ; sterile. 

322. Brach3rthecium rivulare, var. 3. 

Hab. On wet rocks, sterile. 

323. Brachjrthecium Starkii. 

(Brid.') — Bryol. Burop. VI. t. 541. 

Hab. On old logs, in the Greenwood Mountains and at the Delaware 
Water Gap, New Jersey ; also on Sams Point Mountain, New York ; 
rare. 

324. Brachythecium velutinum. 

(Xmn.) — Bri/ol. Europ. VI. t. 538. 

Hab. On the ground in woods, not frequent. 

325. Brachythecium plumosum. 

(^Linn.') — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 537. 
Hab. On rocks in rivulets and damp ravines, very common. 

326. Brachythecium plumosum, var. 1.' 

Hab. On exposed rocks along rivulets, Palisades, New Jersey. 

327. Brachythecium plumosum, var. 2. 

Hab. On shaded dry rocks and stones and on the ground in woods ; 
common. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



65 



328. Brachythecium plumosum, var. 3. 

Hypnum populeum, Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 
535, 536. 

IIab. Same as the preceding, into which it plainly passes. 



329. Brachjrthecium Novae Angliae. 

Salliv. ^ Lesqx. — Sidliv. Icon. Muse. p. 191, t. 118. 

" Eurhyncliium Novse-AngliEe, foliis parce papiUosis, 
acumine interdum semel torto.''^ (Austin, Mss.) 

Had. On the ground in swamps and wet woods ; common. 



330. Brachythecium Novae Anglise. 

Var. rupestre. 

Hab. On irrigated rocks in mountainous regions, New Jersey and 
New York. 



331. Eurhynchium ? Boscii. 

(^Schwcegr.') — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 167, t. 106. 

Hab. On shaded banks, common in New Jersey. 

332. Eurhynchium strigosum. 

iSoffm.') — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 519. 

Hab. On banks in woods, common. 



333. Eurhynchium diversifolium. 

(^ScMmp.^ — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 520. 

Hab. On shaded banks, common. — Not clearly distinct from the 
preceding. 



56 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



334. Eurhynchium Sullivantii. 

(72. Spruce). — Sidliv. Icon. Muse. p. 165, t. 105. 
Hab. On banks of deep shaded ravines, common, but rarely feitile. 

335. Eurhynchium hians. 

(^Sedw.) — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 163, t. 104. 

Hab. On naked ground in woods ; also frequent on partly inundated 
sticks and roots of trees, in the low swamps near Closter, New 
Jersey. 

336. Eurhynchium piliferum. 

(^Schreb.) r— Bryol. Europ. V. t. 531. 

Hab. On the ground about the roots of trees, and on old logs, in 
swampy places, Ohio to New Jersey and New England ; rare. 

337. Thamnium AUeghaniense. 

(C7. Mull.) — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 161, t. 103. 

Hab. On rocks along mountain rivulets constantly moistened by 
S|)ray (fertile) ; and in deep crevices of rocks (sterile) : Palisades, 
&c. ; not rare. 

338. Rhynchostegium demissum. 

( Wils.) — Bryol. Europ. Y. t. 507. 

Had. On damp shaded rocks, in mountainous regions, Palisades 
(very rare) and Northern New Jersey and New York. 

339. Rhynchostegium microcarpum. 

((7. Mull.) — Var. anisocarpon, Sulliv. Icon. Muse, 
p. 175. 

Hab. On stones in damp woods, about Closter, New Jersey, frequent. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



5T 



340. Rhynchostegium recurvans. 

(^ScJnccet/r.~) — SuUiv. Icon. Muse. i^. 177, t. 111. 
Hab. On decayed wood, &c., in swamps and woods, common. 

341. Rhynchostegium recurvans, var. 

ILa.b. In cedar swamps. Northern New Jersey and New York. 

342. Rhynchostegium cylindrocarpum. 

(C Mull.y — SulUv. Icon. 3Iusc. p. 173, t. 109. 

Hab. On old logs, and trunks of trees near the ground, rare in fruit. 

343. Rhynchostegium cylindrocarpum, pi. masc. 

Hab. Same as the preceding. 

344. Rhynchostegium deplanatum. 

(^Sclihnp.') — SulUv. Icon. Muse, 171, t. 108. 

Hab. On the ground under rocks in moist ravines, Palisades, &c. ; 
also on damp clayey soil in woods. New York ; rarely fertile. 

345. Rhynchostegium geophilum. 

Austin. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. — Hyp- 
nutn clepressum, James in Proceed. Amer. Phil. 
Soc. 1855 ; Sulliv. et Lesqx. Muse. Exsiec. ed. 2, 
n. 437. — Hypnum geophilum, Aust. 3Iss. 

A Rhyncliostegio depresso simillimo distinctum liabitu 
C£Bspite laxiore tenuiore nltidiore ; caiile ramis ra- 
mulisque latioribus magis elongatis ; foliis subcom- 
planatis disticbis remotioribiis valde patentibns fc're 
horizontalibus oblono;o-lanceolati.s sensiin lonijins acu- 
tatis extremo apice obtusiusculis (baud ovaH-oblon- 
gis brevius acuminatis) distinctius serratis bicostu- 
latisque, cellub's longioribus angustioribus flexuosis, 
8 



58 



MUSCI APPALACHIAXI. 



illis ad basin vix ampliatis baud hvalinis ; capsiila 
minore basi magis abrupta, meinbrana tenuiore ; 
annulo nullo vel indistincto, etc. 

Hab. Oa clavev, sha'le'l <rronnd. New Jersey, Austin; Pennsylrania, 
James ; New York, Peck. 

346. Rhynchostegium semilatiim. 

(^Eedw.') — Sulliv. Icon. 3Iusc. p. 169, L.IOT. 

Hab. On the ground, roots of trees, &c., in woods and swamps, 
common. 

347. Rhynchostegivim rusciforme, 

( Weisf^'), — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 515. 
Hab. On rocks in rapid streams, common. 

348. Plagiothecium elegans. 

(Hook.') Muse. Exot. t. 9. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Siippl. 
1, ined. 

Hab. Crevices of shaded rocks, Northern New Jersey and Southern 
New York ; sterile. 

349. Plagiothecium elegans. 

Yar. terrestre, Lindhg. — Plagiotbecium Schimperi, 
Milde in Haben. Bryoiheca Europ. no. 588 
(e Lindb.). 

Hab. On tlic ground, in a ravine near Pascack, New Jersey ; sterile. 

350. Plagiothecium elegans. 
Var. gracilens. — An sp. nov. ? 

Hab. Crevices of rocks, near Saffern, New York ; sterile. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



59 



351. Plagiothecium MuUerianum. 

ScJiim^. Synop. Muse. Europ. p. 584 ; Sulliv. Icon. 
3Iusc. Sujjpl. 1, ined. 

Hab. Eocky ravines, New Jersey and New York. New England, 
James, Oakes. Ohio, Lesquereux. 

352. Plagiothecium Passaicense, Aust. 

PI. pulcheUo in adspectu siinillimum sed statura minori 
et floribus dioicis distat ; fructu ignotum. 

Hab. Eocky banks, Passaic, Morris and Bergen counties, New 
Jersey ; very rare. 

353. Plagiothecium latebncola. 

( Wils.') — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 494. 

Hab. About the roots of old stumps, &e., in swamps, near Closter, 
New Jersey ; also near Slate Hill, New York. 

354. Plagiothecium pulchellum. 

(Dicks.') — Bryol. Europ. Y. t. 497. 

Hab. On the ground about the roots of trees and old stumps, and on 
banks, New York, Feck ; Canada, Macoun. 

355. Plagiothecium pulchellum. 

Var. nitidulum. — PI. nitidukim ( Wahl.') Bryol. Europ. 
V. t. 498. 

Hab. On old logs in swamps. Central New York to Canada and 
New England. 



356. Plagiothecium turfaceum. 

Lindh. — Schimp. Synop. Muse. Europ. p. 692 ; 
Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Suppl. 1, ined. 

Has. On the ground in woods, and on decayed wood in cedar swamps, 
Palisades, New Jersey, to Canada; rather scarce. 



60 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



357. Plagiothecium striatellum. 

QBrid.') — Plagiothecium Mulilenbeckii, Bryol. Euroi). 
V. t. 499. 

IIab. On the ground and on rocks in mountainous . regions, New 
Jersey and New York. 

358. Plagiothecium striatellum. 

Var. ^, clirysopliylloides, Scliimp. Synop. Muse. Earop. 
p. 581. 

IIab. On the ground in woods and swamps ; very common in 
New Jersey. 

359. Plagiothecium denticulatum. 

(^Dill.') — Bnjol. Europ. V. t. 501. 

IIab. On damp shaded rocks, Little Falls, New York. 

360. Plagiothecium denticulatum, var. 

IIab. On the ground in wet woods and swamps, common. 

; 361. Plagiothecium denticulatum. 

Var. pusillum. 

IIab. On flat rocks in the shade of Hemlocks ; also on the roots of 
trees in dry woods, New Jersey and New York, rare. 

362. Plagiothecium denticulatum. 

Var. Icetum. — PI. Icetum, Bryol. Europ. V. t. 495. 

Hab. On rocks, in mountainous localities. 

363. Plagiothecium sylvaticum. 

(^Linn.') — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 503. ' 

IIab. Deep wooded ravines, on the mountains of New Jersey, New 
York, and New England. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



61 



364. Plagiothecium sylvaticum, var. 1. 

PI. SullivantiiB, Schimp. — SulUv. Icon. 3Iusc. p. 20T, 
t. 126. 

Hab. Crevices of rocks and rocky banks, common. 

365. Plagiothecium sylvaticum, var. 2. 

PI. Roseanum (^Ilampc). — Bryol. JEurop. V. t. 504. 

Hab. On tussocks and about the roots of trees in swamps ; common 
in New Jersey. 

366. Plagiothecium? subfalcatum, Austin. 
SuUiv. Icon. Muse. Siippl. 1, ined. 

Demissum, intricato-caispitosum, laete viride, nitidum ; 
caule prostrato inordinate ramoso ; foliis remotis 
distichis complanatis oblique oblongis acutatis hori- 
zontaliter patentibus rursuin subfalcatis apice serrato- 
dentatis, mai'sinibus inferioribus ano-uste reflexis 
hand decurrentibus, costa brevi inagquali-furcata ; 
rati lineari ano'ustissimo : fl. et fr. ignotis. 

Planta insertse sedis forsan Rli ynchost egijs adnume-^ 
randa. 

Hab. Crevices of rocks amono; the mountains of New Jersey and 
New York (Austin); Fennsylvauia, Ja»ies ; rare. 

367. Amblystegia-n se^iaeng. 

Yar. tenellum. 
Hab. On old logs, ic, iu (.lam}") places, rave. 



368. Amblystegium confervoides. 

(^Brid.') — Bryol Europ. VI. t. 562. 
Hab. On limestone rocks, New Jersey to Ohio and Canada. 



62 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



369, Amblystegium subtile. 

Eedw. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 561. 
Hab. Oa the roots of trees, Herkimer County, New York. 

370. Amblystegium adnatum. 

(^Hedw.^ — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 197, t. 121. 
Hab. On stones and roots of trees, very common. 

371. Amblystegium Lescm'ii. 

Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 203, t. 124. 

Hab. On rocks in mountain rivulets, New Jersey and New York, 

rare. 

372. Amblystegium compactum. 

(C. Mull.) — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 201, t. 123. 

Hab. On rotten wood, near Belleville, Canada West, Macoun. 

373. Amblystegium serpens. 

(Linn.') — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 564. 

Hab. On the roots of trees and old walls, common in limestone and 
slate regions. 

374. Amblystegium serpens, var. 

Hab. In old wells, with the preceding. 

375. Amblystegium serpens. 

Var. iRHiGUUM. — Hypaum irriguum, Hook, tf Tr;7.s-. 
Hab. On wet rocks, &c.. Little Falls, New Jersey. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



63 



376. Amblystegium serpens. 

Var. RADiCALE. — Hypnuni raciicale, JJeain: 
TTiw. On the roots of trees, old logs, and on the ground, common. 

377. Amblystegium serpens. 

Var. RADICALE subjulaceum. 

Had. On limestone fences, along dusty highways, Sussex County, 
New Jersey. 

378. Amblystegium serpens. 

Var. RADICALE parvulum. 
Hab. On the trunks of trees in dry woods, New Jersey. 

379. Amblystegium serpens. 

Var. ORTHOCLADON. — Hvpnum orthocladon, Beauv. 
— Sulliv. Icon. Muse. p. 199, t. 122. 

Hab. Same as No. 376, which plainly passes into this. 

380. Amblystegium serpens. 

Var. ORTHOCLADON major. 
Hab. Springy places in swamps. 

381. Amblystegium serpens. 

Var. OiiTHocLiDON brevifulium. — A. oligorrliizon, Gumh 
Hab. On rocks in rivulets. 

382. Amblystegium serpens. 

Var. ORTHOCL.VDON /bji'aH um. 
Hab. In limestone springs. New Jersey. 



64 MUSCI APPALACHIAXI. 

383. Amblystegiiun serpenfl. 

Var. chrysopliylloides. — A curripes, Bryol. Eur 
t. 569. 

Hab. On ^ct ground ainon<,' grass. 

I 

384. Amblystegium serpens, var. 
A. Juratztanum, Schimp. Sijnop. j). 693. 

Eas. On old logs in swamps. 

385. Amblystegium serpens. 

Yar. iREiGum noterophilum. — A. notcropliilum, SuUiv. 
& Lesqx. — SuUiv. Mosses of the U. S. p. 78. 

Hab. Limestone springs, Lancaster. PennsylTania, F.-of. T. C. 
Poiier : Western New York. Clinion. 

386. Amblystegium fluviatile. 

(^Swartz^'). — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 567. 

Uab. On rocks in a rivulet near Clostcr, New Jersey ; sterile. 

387. Amblystegium riparium, var. 1. 
(imn.') — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 570. 

Hab. In rivulets and springs, common. 

388. Amblystegium riparium, var. 2. 

. Uab. Inundated places in swamps. 

389. Amblystegium riparium, var. 3. 

IL\B. Same as the preceding. 

390. Amblystegium riparium. 
Var. cariosum, SuUiv. in litt. 
Hab. On rotten wood, in the "Western States and Canada. 



JIUSCI APPALACHIAXI. 



65 



391. Hypnum Bergenense, Austin. 

ffi/pmim chrysopltjllum referens, sed diffort caide de 
biliore parcius ramoso ; foliis dissitioribus molliori- 
bus longius o;racilinsquo acuminatis, reti iiiajore 
laxiore, perichaitialibu.s minus jM'ofmide sulcatis ; 
pedicello pro more longiore ; inflorescentia jiarasiti- 
co-monoica, flore masc. ad pericliaitii basin radiculis 
obruto, etc. — Sulliv. Icon. Muse. Svppl. 1, imd. — 
Campyliura Bergenense, Aust. Mss. 

Hab. On decaying leaves, &c. in partially inundated plaee«, about 
Clostei-, New jeiocy, very common ; also in York. County, Maine. 

392. Hypnum hispidulum. 

Brid. Sp. Muse. II. p. 198 (1812) ; Mantissa, p. 
175 (1819) ; Muller Syiiop. Muse. II. p. 440 
(1851) ; Sulliu. leon. Muse. p. 193, t. 119, — H. 
stellatiim, var. Brid. Bryol. Univ. p. 603 (1827). 

Hab. On the ground, roots of trees, dead wood, rocks, &c., common. 

393. Hypnum hispidulum, var. 

Hy)iniim Sommerfeltii, 3Iyrin, Vet. Aead. Arsh. 
Stoekh. 18-31, p. 394; Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 582. 
— H. polymorjthum, (^Hedw.') Wils. Bryol. Brit. 

Hab. Roots of trec«, rocks, &c., White Mountains of New Hamp- 
shire, Jame.i ; mountains of Pennsylvania, Porter; also in cedar 
swamps, near Jurdansvillc, New York. 

394. Hypnum chrysophyllum. 

Brid. — Hypnum polymorphum, Hook. ^ Tayl. — 
Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 583. 

Hab. On the ground in fields and woods, very common. 

395. Hypnum chrysophyllum. 

Var. csspitosum. 
Hab. About the roots of trees in damp woods. 

9 



66 



JIUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



396. Hypnum chrysophyllum. 

Var. rupestre. 
IIab. On shaded or dripping rocks, common. 

397. Hypnum chrysophyllum. 

Var. stelloides. 

Had. Moist rocky banks and wet meadows. 

398. Hypnum chrysophyllum. 

Var. uncinifolium. 
IIab. Moist rocky banks, Ilohokus, New Jersey. 

399. Hypnum stellatum. 

ScJireh. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 584. 

IIab. AVct meadows ; Ohio, Sullifanl ; Canada, Macoun ; also near 
Clojter, New Jurst-'y. 

400. Hypnum stellatum, 

Var. protensum. — Hypnum protensum, Brid. Bryol. 
Univ. 

Hab. Bogs and swamps near Closter, New .Jersey, and Little Falls, 
New York ; also Canada, Macoun. 

401. Hypnum polygamum. 

Sclii^p. - — Aniblysteffinni polvgamum, Bryol. Europ. 
VI. t. 572. 

IIab. Swamps about Closter, New Jersey, rare. New York, Paine, 

Peek 



MUSCI APPALACfflAXI. 



67 



402. Hypnum vernicosum. 

Lindb. in Hartm. Skand. Fl. ed. 8 (1861); Bryol.- 
JEurop. Suppl. Fasc. III. IV. t. 4. 

H.^. In opeu bogs and marshes, about BucWs Lake, 
Nevr Jersey, and Joidansville, New York. 

403. H3rpnuin exannulatum. 

Oumh. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 602. 

Hab. In marshy places, not common. 

404. Hypnum aduncxun. 

Sedw. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 60-4. 

Hab. Cedar swamps, Herkimer County, New York. 

405. Hypnum aduncum, var. 1. 

Hab. On wet rocks, Little Falls, New Jersey. 

406. Hypnum aduncum, var. 2. 

Hab. Marshy places, Sussex County, New Jersey. 

407. Hypnum adimcum. 

Var. gracilescens, Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 605. 
Hab. On the ground in exsiccated places, common. 

408. Hypnum aduncum, 

Var. giganteum, Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 606. 
Hab. In Budd's Lake, Morris County, New Jersey. 



68 MUSCI APPALACHIAXI. 

409. Hypnum aduncum. 

Var. giganteum, 2. ^ 
H.VB. Ditches near Little Falls, New York. 

410. Hypnum fluitans. 

Linn. — Bryol. JEiirop. VI. t. 602. 
IIab. Stagnant or sluggish water, common. 

411. Hypnum Kneiffii. 

Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 573 (sub Amblyslegio) . 
Had. In sunken places, about Closter, New Jersey. 

412. Hypnum uncinatum. 

Eedw. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 600. 

Hab. a, on sliaded rocks, B, on old logs in Herkimer County, New 
York ; C, on an old stone lence near Ciosicr, New Jersey. 

413. Hypnum filicinum. 

Linn. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 609. 

Hab. Moist rocky banks, in limestone regions, common. 

414. Hypnum pallescens. 

S Jiimp. Bryol. Em-op. VI. t. 586. — Hvpimm Immu- 
losuin ? Suliiv. ^ Lesqx. Muse. Exsic. ed. 2. n. 478. 

Hab. On Kahnin Intifulia, in s\viimp=, on tbe mountains of New Jer- 
sey ; also in the White Mountains of New Hampshire, Oakex, James. 

415. Hypnum reptile. 

MicJix. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 587. 

Hab. On tlic roots of trees, decayed log', and on stones near the 
ground, very common. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



69 



416. Kypnum reptile. 

Var. viride. 
Hab. On the roots of trees in woods. 

417. Hypnum fertile. 

Sendtn. — Bryol. Hurop. VI. t. 591. 

Hab. On old logs in swamps, in mountainous or northern regions ; 
New York, &c. 

418. Hypnum imponens. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 597. 

Uab. On deca3'eil loprs in woods and among Sphsena in swamps ; 
nl>o on white sand in the dry pine barrens of New Jertcy ; very 
common. 

419. Hypnum cupressifox'me (var. 1). 

Litm. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 594. 
Hab. On shaded rocky banks, Little Falls, New Jersey. 

420. Hypnum cupressiforme, var. 2. 

Hypnum resupinatum, Wils. Bryol. Brit. p. 398. 
IIab. On dry rocks, New Jersey, Ne.w York, &c. 

421. Hypnum cupressiforme, var. 3. 

IIab. On the roots of trees and on boulders in dry rocky woods, near 
Closter, New Jersey. 



422. Hypnum cupressiforme, var. 4. 

Hab. On rocks and roots of trees, New Jersey, &c. 



70 



MUSCl APPALACHIAN!. 



423. Hypnum cupressiforme, var, 5. 

Hab. Same as the preceding. 

424. Hypnum curvifolium. 

Hedzv. — SuUiv. Icon. Muse. p. 183, t. 114. 
Hab. On decayed wood, wet ground, and on rocks, very common. 

425. Hypnum pratense. 

Koch. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 611. 

Hab. On the ground in swampy places ; common in New Jersey. 

426. Hypnum pratense, var.? 

Hab. On tussocks and on old logs in cedar swamps, near New 
Duriiara, New Jersey. 

427. Hypnum micans. 

Swartz Adnot. Botan. p. 175 (1829). 

Hab. On inundated logs, &c. in cedar swamps, Louisiana to New 
England. - 

428. Hypnum micans. 

Vav. fnlvum. — H. fulvum, Hook. ^ Wils. in Drumm. 
Muse. Amer. Coll. 2, n. 110 ; Sulliu. Icon. Muse, 
t. 125 (1864). 

Hab. Same as the preceding, in the Southern States and in Southern 
New Jersey. 



429. Hypnum micans. 

Var. albulum. — H. albuluin, C. Mull. Synop. Muse. 
2, p. 280 (1851) ; Salliv. Icon. Muse. t. 112 (1864). 

Hab. On decaying leaves, &c. on the margins of stagnant pools, 
near Closter, New Jersey, 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



71 



430. Hypnum Haldanianum. 

Grev. Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist. New York, p. 275, t. 
23; Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 692. 

Hab. On tlic ground, old logs, &c. in woods, common. 

431. Hypnum Haldanianum, var. 1. 

Hab. In partly inundated swamps, about Cldstcr, New Jersey. 

432. Hypnum Haldanianum, var. 2. 

Hab. On the roots of trees in dry woods. 

433. Hypnum molluscum. 

Hediv. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 598. 

Hab. On the ground in damp woods, common ; usually sterile. 

434. Hypnum Crista-castrensis. 

Linn. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 599. 

Hab. On the ground and on decaying logs in deep damp woods and 
swamp.5, Closter, New Jersey, rare ; common in mountainous or 
northern regions. 

435. Hypnum palustre. 

Linn. — Liinnobium palustre, Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 574. 

Hab. On rocks in mountain rivulets, Northern New Jersey to Canada, 

rare. 

436. Hypnum molle. 

Licks. — Limnobium molle, Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 577. 

Hab. On rocks along streams, Northern New Jersey and New York, 

rare. 



72 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



437. Hypnum ochraceum. 

Turner. — Limnobium ocliraceum, Bryol. Europ.W. 
t. 580. 

Had. Same as the preceding ; rarely fertile. 



438. Hypnum eugyrium. 

Limnobium eugyrium, Schimp. ■ — Bryol. Europ. VI. 
t. 579. 

Hab. On rocks along streams, near Maratlinn, New Yorlc; also near 
Sand Lalce, Peck ; larely fertile. 



439. Hypnum Closteri, Austin. 

Parvulum, laxe diffusum, sordido-viride ; caule prostra- 
to parcius ramoso detbliato, ramulis assurp;entibiis ; 
fuliis laxis undique patentibus vel plus minus subse- 
cuiidis obloncTD-ovalibus ovatis elon^ato-ovatisve ob- 
tiise acutatis symmetiicis vel- leniter obliquatis inte- 
perrimis -|— |-costatis, cellulis pleriiniqtie oblontro- 
linearibus subf'usiformibus illis ad basis angulos 
subdecurrentes majoribiis subiiiflatis concoloribus 
(vel fuscis ?) perichaetialibus plus minus distincte 
costatis subsulcatis ; capsula erecto-cernua sensiin in 
pedicellum crassiusculum angustata, aniudo latiiis- 
culo composito, operculo ampio niamillato apiculato, 
peristomio generis. — Sulliv. Icon. BIusc. Suppl. 1, 
ined. — Limnobium Closteri, Aust. 3Iss. 

Lmnohio Norvegico Br. Europ. persimile, sed diffcrt 
fuliis longioribns longius et omnino sinipliciter cos- 
tatis, basi hand auratis, capsula majore basi acuti- 
ore, peristomii processibus baud integris, etc. 

Had. On rocks along rivulets, nliont Closter, New Jersey ; also on 
Shawangunk Mountain {Sam's Poini], New York, very rare. 



MUSCI APPALACHIAXI. 



73 



440. Hypnum Novae-CaesareaB. 

Aiistin. — IJvpnum micnns, Will, in Hook. Bnt. Fl. 
II. pan I. p. 80 (183:^) ; non Sivartz Achiot. Botan. 
p. 175 (1829) quod ad Hvpnum albuluin 0. Midi. 
Synop. Muse. \\. p. 280 (1851) pertint-t (e Sulli- 
vant specim. on'o;. conipar.) — Liranobium Novaj 
Caesareye, Aust. Mss. 

IIab. On rocks in a small rivulet, wliicli crosses the " State Line " 
bi'tween New York aad New Jersey, on Sliawangunk Mountain near 
Ui(jk Fuint ; steiile. 

441. Hypnum cordifolium. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 615. 
Hab. Swamps, common. 

442. Hypnum cordifolium. 

Forma actumnalis. 
IIab. Same as the preceding. 

443. Hypnum giganteum. 

Sckimp. Syn. Muse. Europ. p. 612. — Hyp. cordifo- 
lium var. stenodictvon, Bryol. Europ. 

Uab. Cedar swamps near Jordansville, &c., New York. Canada, 
Macoun; sterile. 

444. Hypnum cuspidatum. 

Linn. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 619. 
Hab. Bogs, common. 

445. Hypnum Schrebsri. 

Willd. — Bryol. Europ. VI. t. 620. 

Hab. On the ground in woods, very common. 

10 



74 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!. 



446. Hypnum scorpioides. 

{Bill.') — Bnjol. Europ. VI. t. 612. 

IIab. la bogs, Oliio, Sullio., Lesqx. ; also Canada, Macoun ; sterile. 

447. Hylocomium splendens. 

(Redw.) — Bryol. Eurojj. V. t. 487. 

Had. On the ground in woods, Nm thern New Jersey (sterile), and 
comuion northward. 

448. Hylocomium brevirostre. 

(JEhrh.) — Bnjol. Europ. V. t. 493. 

Hab. Deep shaded ravines and swamps, common ; sterile in New 
Jersey. 

449. Hylocomium triquetrum. 

(iiww.) — Bryol. Europ. V. t. 491. 

IIab. On the ground in woods, common ; sterile in New Jersey. 

450. Rhytidium rugosum. 

(^Ehrh.y Sulliv. — Hvpnum rngosuin, Bryol. Europ. 
"VI. t. 610. 

Hab. On flat rocks on the Palisades, New/Jersey, common ; sterile. 




INDEX. 



Acaulon muticiim, C. Mull. ..... 51 

triquetrum, C. INIull. ..... 52 

Amblystegium adnalum (Hedw.) .... 370 

compnctum (C. Mull.) .... 372 

confervoides (Schwgr.) 3G8 

fluviatile (Swz.) 38G 

Kne{ffii,V,v.Y.\i 411 

Lescurii, Sulliv. . . . . . 371 

serijens, var. tenellum,| , , , .307 

serpens, rar. irriguum noterophihim, . 88o 
polygamum, Br. Eu. . . . . .401 

riparium L. var. 1, . . . . . 387 

riparium, var. 2, . . . . . . 388 

riparium, var. 3, .... . 389 

riparium, var. cariosum, .... 390 

serpens (L.) ...... 373 

serpen?, var. . . . . . . . 374 

serpens, var.\ . . . . . . 384 

serpens, var. chrysophylloides, . . . 383 

serpens, var. irriguum, .... 37-5 

serpens, var. orthocladon/'vn/'an um, . .382 

serpens, var. orthoclaclon, .... 379 

serpens, var. ortliocladon maior. . . - 380 

serpens, var. orthoclacion brevifoUum, . 381 

serpens, var. radicaIei0kM>, .... 876 



76 INDEX. 

serpen^^^Krad'icale parvulum, 378 

serpens^Hr radicale suhjulaceum, . . 377 

subtile (Hedw.) . . . . . 3G9 

Amphoridiiim Lapponicum, Schimp. .... 154 

Mougeotii, Scliimp. . . . . ■ . 155. 

Anacamptodon splaclinoides, Brid. .... 279 

Andraju petropliila, Elirh. ..... 42 

Bothn, Web. & Mohr, 43 

rijpestris, Hedw% ..... 42 

rupestris, Turn. ...... 43 

Anccctangium Peckii, Sulliv. .... 64 

Anomodon apiculatiis, Br. Eu. ..... 277 

attenuatus, Ilartrn. . . . . . 274 

obtnsilbliu?, Br. Eu 275 

obtusifolius, var. fragilis, .... 276 

rostratus (Hedw.) ...... 272 

tristis (Cesati) 273 

viticulosus, H. & T 278 

Aphanorhegma serratum, Sulliv. .... 178 

Arcliidium Oliioense, Br. Eu. ..... 44 

Astomuin nitidulum, Br. Eu. .... 57 

Sullivantii, Br. Eu. . . . . .58 

Atriclium angustatum (Brid.) Br. Eu. . . . 228 

angustatuin, pi. masc. ..... 229 

crispuni, James, ..... 231 

undulatum, Beauv. ..... 230 

Aulacomnioii heterosticliura, Br. Eu. . . . 220 

palustre, Scliwgr. . . . . . .218 

palustre, var. rupestre, . . . . 219 

Barbula caispitosa, Schwgr. . . . .127 

convoiula, Hedw. var. . . . . 126 

fallax, Hedw 125 

fragilis, Br. Eu 129 

intermedia, Brid. ...... 132 

muralis, Hedw. . • <«•• .... 130 



ESDEX. _ 77 

liapillosa, Wils. . . W^M ■ 133 

ruralis, Iledw. . . , W , . 131 

ruralis, van rupestris, .... 132 

tortuosa, W. & M 128 

iinguiculata, Hedw. ..... 124 

Bartramia fontana, Brid. ...... 223 

fontana, var. ...... 224 

Marcliica, Brid. 225 

Marcliica, var. ...... 226 

CEderi, Swz 222 

pomiforrnis, Hedw. ..... 221 

Brachytliecium acuminatum (Beauv.) . . . 310 

acuminatum, var. setosum, . . . . 311 

acutum, Mitt 316 

campestre, Br. Eu. . . . . . 314 

campestre, var. . . . . . .315 

laetum (Brid.) 309 

Nova3 AngliiE, S. & L 320 

Novae Angliae, var. rupestre, . . . 330 

plumosuin (Swz.) . ..... 325 

plumosum, var. 1, .... . 326 

plumosum, var. 2, ..... 327 

plumosuin, var. 3, .... . 328 

popiileum (Hedw.) Br. Eu. .... 328 

rivulare, Br. Eu. . . . . . 319 

rivulai-e, var. 1, ..... . 320 

rivulare, var. 2,. . . . . . 321 

rivulare, var. 3, ..... . 322 

rutabulum (L.) 317 

rutabulum, vai*.?- ...... 318 

salebrosum (Hoffm.) 312 

salebrosum, var. . . . . . .313 

Starkii (Brid.) 323 

velutinum (Dill.) 324 

Brucbia flexuosa, Schwgr. . . . . . 56 



78 INDEX. 

Bryum albican^Px^Rl.) Biid 189 

annotin™, Schreb. . . . . .188 

argetiteum, L. . . . . . . 198 

bimum, Schreb. . . . . . .194 

bimiim, var. . . . . . ■ . 195 

ca^^piticiura, L. . . . . . .197 

capillare, L. . . . , . . 199 

cernuum, Hedvv. . . . . . . 19G 

cruflum, Schreb. . . . . . 187 

Duvalii, Voit, 202 

intermedium, Brid. . . . . . 193 

Lescurianum, SuUiv. . . . . .190 

nutans, Schreb. . . . . . . 18o 

nutans, var. ...... 186 

cyclophylliun, Sciiwgr 192 

pseudo-triquetrum, Schwgr. .... 200 

pseudo-triquetrnin, var. .... 201 

pyriforme (L.) Iledw. ..... 18-1: 

roseum, Schreb. ..... 203 

uliginosum (Bruch) Br. Eu. . . . .191 

Wuldenbergii, Scliwgr. . . . . 189 

Buxbaumia aphyHa, Haller, . - . . . . 242 

Camptothecium nitens (Schreb.) .... 3U7 

nitens var 308 

Campylium Bergenense, Aust. Mss. . . . 391 

Campylopus viridis, S. & L. . . . . .73 

Campylostehum saxicola (W. & M.) Br. Eu. . 109 
Ceratodon purpureas, Brid. . . . . . .116 

purpureu*, var. aristatus, . . . . 117 

Climacium Americanum, Brid. . .... 287 

Americanum, var. ..... 288 

Americanum, var. fluitans, .... 289 

dendroides (Dill.) AV. & M. . . . 286 

Conomitrium Julianum, Mont. ..... 108 

Ilallianum, S. & L 108" 



KDEX. 



79 



Cryphrca glomeratn, Sclip. ..... 253 

Cylindrotliecium brevisetum, Wils. . . . 285 

clatlorrliizans, Iledw. ..... 284 

setliictrix, Iledw. ..... 282 

seductrix, var. ...... 283 

Desmatodon arenaceus, S. & L. . . . . 122 

Porteri, James, . . . . . .123 

Dichelyma capillaceum (Dill.) Myrin, . . . 252 
Dicranum condensatum, Hedw. . . . .96 

Drummondi, C. Mull. .... 98 

flagellare, Hedw. ...... 82 

fuh um, Hook. ...... 83 

heteromallum, Hedw. ..... 79 

lieteromallum, var. orthocarpon, ... 80 

interrupt I i.m, Br. Eu. ..... 83 

longifolium, Hedw. ..... 84 

inontanum, Hedw. ..... 81 

palustre, Brid. ...... 92 

pellucidum, Hedw. . . . . .76 

robustum, Blytt, 98 

rufescens, Turn. ...... 74 

Schraderi, Scliwgr. ..... 93 

Scliraderi, var. ...... 94 

Sclireberi, Hedw. ..... 77 

scopariurn, Hedw. ...... 85 

scoparium, var. /3 ortliophyllum, ... 87 
scopariurn, var. y curvulum, ... . .88 

scoparium, var. 5 paludosum, ... 91 

scoparium, var. e recurvatum, ... 86 

scoparium, var. minor, .... 89 

scoparium, var. rupestre, .... 90 

spurium, Hedw. ..... 95 

spurium, var. ...... 96 

undulatum, Turn 97 

varium, Hedw 78 



80 



lUDEX. 



virens, Hedw. . . . . . . 75 

viride, S. & L, . . . . . .73 

DIdymodon cylindriciis (Bruch) Br. Eu. . . 114 
? divcrsifolius, Aust. ..... 115 

fracjiUs, H. & W ■ . 129 

liueare, Swz. . . . . . . .119 

rubdlus (Rotli) Br. Eu 113 

Diphyscium foliosum, W. & M 240 

foliosnm, pi. masc. ..... 241 

Drummondia clavellata, Hook. . . . . .152 

Elodium paludosum, Sulliv 30G 

Encalypta ciliata, Hedvr. . . . . . .174 

streptocarpa, Hedw. . , . . ■ . 175 

Ephemerum Austini, Sulliv. ..... 45 

crassinervium (Schwgr.) .... 48 

crassinervium, var. spinulosum, ... 49 
(tenerum? (Brucly) Scliimp.") ... 47 
papillosum, Aust. . . . . . . 50 

serratura (Schreb.) ..... 47** 

synoicum, James, . . . . . .46 

Eurhynchium ? Boscii (Schwgr.) .... 331 
diversifolium, Br. Eu. . " . . . . 333 

hians (Hedw.) .335 

Novce AnglicB, Aust. Mss. . . . 329, 330 
piliferum (S'-lireb.) ..... 336 
strigosum (Hoffiti.) ..... 332 
Sullivantii (Spruce) ..... 334 

Fissidens adiantoides, lledw. ..... 106 

bryoides, Hedw. . . . . . 102 

crassipes, "Wils lOS"" 

bryoidey, Hedw l^U 

cxiguuf, Sulliv. l^)''^ 

inciirvus, var. cxigxius, . . • If 

iiicurvus, Hcli-wgT. , . . • • 101 
incvxrvus, var. uiiiuituhis, . ■ 102 

minululus, Sulliv. . . . • ■ lOii 
oHnmndiodes, Tlodw. .... 104 



INDEX. 81 

subbasilaris, Hedw, . . . . .105 

taxifolins, Hedw. troA, .... 107 

Fontinalis antipyretica, var. S. & L. IMiisc. Exsic. 251'' 

antipyretica, L. var. gigantea, Sulliv. . . 243 

biforini-:, Sulliv. ..... 245 

Dalecarlica, Br. En 251 

disticlia, var. temdor, Sulliv. . . . 250 

filifbrmis, S. & L 250 

Lescurii, Sulliv. ..... 24G 

Lescurii, var. ...... 247 

Lescurii, var. ? cymbifolia, .... 248 

Lescurii, var. gracilens, Sulliv. . . . 249 

Mercediana, Lesqx. . . . . . 251'' 

Novae Anglia?, Sulliv 244 

Sullivanti, Lindb 249 

biformis, Sulliv. ...... 245 

Neo-Mexicann, S. & L 251" 

Funaria flavicanj, Miclix. . . . . .183 

hygrometrica, Hedw. ..... 181 

liygrometrica, var. patula, .... 182 

Grimmia anibigua, Sulliv. . . . . . 142 

apocarpa, Hedw. ...... 134 

apocarpa, var. . . . . . . 137 

apocarpa, var. gracilis, . . . . .135 

apocarpa, var. rivularis, . . . . 136 

conferta, Funk, 138 

conferta, var. 1, 139 

conferta, var. 2, . . . " . . .140 

conferta, var. 3, . . . . . 141 
leucoplioea, Grev. . . . . . .140 

Olneyi, Sulliv 144 

Oliieyi, pi. masc 145 

Pennsylvanica, Schwgr. .... 143 

Gymnostomum calcareum, N. & H C2 

curvirostrum, Hedw CI 

11 



82 



INDEX. 



rupestre, Schwgr. .... . . .GO 

Hedwigia ciliata, Ehrh. . . . . . 150 

ciliata, var. . . . . . . . lol 

Ilomalotlieciurn subcapillatiim, Br. Eu. . . . 295 

Ilylocomiiim brevirostre (Eluli.) . . . . 448 

si)l<'iulens (Ileilvv.) ..... 447 

tiiquetrum (L.) ...... 449 

Hymenostomum microslomum, R. Br. . . . G3 

Hjpnum nhielinum, L. ..... . 304 

acuminatum, Beauv. .... 310, 311 

acM<«/w, Mitt. . . . . . .316 

adnatnm, Hedw. ..... 370 

aduncum, Iledw. ...... 404 

aduncimi, var. 1, .... . 405 

aduncum, var. 2, . . . . . . 406 

aduncum, var. giganteum, . . . 4()8, 401) 
adiuicum, var. gracilens, .... 407 

albulnm, C. Midi 429 

Allfghdniense, C. Mull. ..... 337 

Berirenenvo, Aust. . . . . . 391 

B/andowii, W. & M 305 

Soscii, Sclnvgr. . ; . , . 331 
brevirostre (Ehrh.) ..... 448 

canipestre, Bruch, .... 314, 3 15 

clirysopliyllum, Brid. ..... 394 

clirysopliyllum, var. caispitosum, . . 395 
clirysophyllurn, var. rupestre, . . . 396 
clirysopliyllum, var. stelloide.'^, . . . 397 
clirysopliyllum, var. unciuil'olium, . . . 398 

Closteri, Aust 439 

compactum, C. Mull. ..... 372 

confervoides, Schwgr. .... 308 

ci/liiidricarpinn, C. JMull. . . . 342, 343 

cordif'olium, Iledw. . . . . . 441 

cordifolium, /oma auctumnalis, . . . 442 



INDEX. 



83 



Cri?ta-cn?trensi?, L. . . . . . 434 

cupressiforme, L. var. 1, . . . .419 

cupressiforme, var. 2, .... 420 

C'jpressilorinc, var. 3, . . . . .421 

cupressiforme, var. 4, .... 422 

cupressiforme, var. 5, . . . . . " 423 

curvifolium, Iledw. ..... 424 

cuspidatum, L. . . . . . . 444 

deUcatidian, L. . . . . . . 303 

demissum, Wils. ...... 338 

denficulalum, Ij. .... 359-3GI 

deplanaliim, Schp. ...... 344 

cy'indrocarpuiii, pi. masc. • • • 343 
dcprcssnm, James, . . . . .345 

dii-ersi/oliiim (Br. Eu.) .... 333 

elegnns. Hook. ..... 348 — 350 

eui'^yrium, Scliimp. ..... 438 

cxannulalum, Gumb. ..... 403 

V fertile, Sendt 417 

filicinum, L. . . . . . . . 413 

fluitans, L 410 

Jlavialile, Swz. ...... 38G 

fulvum, II. & W 428 

geophilum, Aust. . . . . ... 345 

giganteum, Schimp. ..... 443 

gracile (Br. Eu.) 298 

gracile, var. Lancaslriense, . . . . 299 

Ilaldanianum, Grev. ..... 430 

Haldanianum, var. 1, . . . . 431 

Haldanianum, var. 2, . . . . . 432 

Mans, Hedw. ...... 335 

liispidulum, Brld. ...... 392 

liispidulum, var. ..... 393 

imponeiis, Hedw. ...... 418 



irriguum, H. & W. . . . . 375 & 385 



INDEX. 



KneifRi, Schimp. 
Icetum, Brid. 
(Icefurn, Schimp.) 
{htteJinrolaj^tMv. Eu.^ . 
Lescurii, Sulliv. 
aduncum, var. 
niicans, Swz. 
micans, var. albulum, 
micans, var. fulvum, . 
micans, Wils. 

microcarpum, C. Mull., var. 
scijens, var. . . 

mintUulnm, Hedw. 
molle, Dicks, 
molluscuni, HeJw. 
Miildenheclcii, Hartm. 
MuUeriamini (Sciip.) • 
nitens, Sclireb. 
nitiduluin, Walil. 
noterophilam, S. & L. . 
Novce Anglice, S. & L. 
Novas Csesareje, Aust. . 
ocliraceum, Wils. 
orthocladon. Beau v. 
pallescens, Sclip. 
pnlndosum, SiiUiv. 
palii^tre, L. . . . 
Passaicense, Aust. Ms?. 
pillferum, Schreb. 
phimnsani, Swz. 
pnlyp;amum, Schimp. 
pohpnorphiim, II. & T. . 
poli/morp/tum, Br. Brit. 
popttleuni, Hedw. . 
pratense, Kocb, . 



411 
. 309 

362 
. 353 

371 
. 409 

427 
. 429 

428 
. 440 

339 
. 367 

297 
. 436 

433 

^ 357, 358 
351 

. 307, 308 
355 
. 385 
329, 330 
. 440 
437 

. 379-382 
41*4 

. 306 
435 

. 352 
336 

. 325-328 
401 

. 394 
393 

. 328 
425 



INDEX. 



85 



pratense, var. ? 
protensum, Brid. 
pulchellum, Dicks. 
pygmcEum, Br. Eu. 
radicale, Brid. 
recurvans, Selnvgr. . 
reptile, Michx. 
reptile, var. 
resupinatum, Wils. 
riparium, L. 
rivulare, Bruch, . 
RoRseanum, Hampe, 
rugosnm, Ehrh. 
riisciforme, Weis, 
rutabulum, L. 
salebrosum, IIofFm. 
Sciireberi, Willd. . 
scitum, Beauv. . 
scorpioides, L. 
serpens, L. (<§• mrs.) 
serrnlatum, Hedw. 
Sommerfeltii, Myrin, 
splendcus, Hedw. , 
Starkii, Brid. 
stellatiim, Sclireb. 
stellalum, var. Brid. . 
stellatura, var. protensum, 
striatellum, Brid. 
stn'gosum, Hoffrn. . 
sub/ulcatum, Aust. Mss 
subtile, Iledw. 
SuHivantice, Schp. in litt 
SuUivaiitii, Spi'uce, 
tamariscinum, Hedw. 
triquetrum, L. 



367 



. 426 

400 
. 354 
296 
37()-378 
340, 341 
. 415 
41G 
. 420 
387, 390 
319-322 
365 
. 450 
347 
317 & 318 
312, 313 
. 445 
300, 301 
. 446 

& 373-385 
. 34(5 
393 
. 447 
323 
. 399 
392 
. 400 
357, 358 
. 332 
3G6 
. 369 
364 
. 334 
302 
. 449 



86 



IXDEX. 



triste. C. IMiill 273 

(/Mr/'«ceu)w)^^Linclb.) . . . . . ooG 

iineinatum, Hedw. . . . . . 412 

vthitinum, Dill. Linn. ..... 324 

vernicosuin, Linrlb. ..... 402 

Leptodon tricliomitrion (Iledw.) Molir, . . . 254 

Leskea Austini, SuHiv. ..... 2G8 

denticulata, SuUiv. ..... 267 

fragUis, H. & W. . . . • . . 273 

latebricola, "Wils. . . . . . .353 

nervosa (Schwgr.) Myrin, .... 271 

obscura, Hedw. ...... 270 

polycarpa, Iledw. . . . ... 2(19 

rostrata, Iledw. ...... 272 

selosa, Hedw. . . . . . . 311 

Leucobiyum glaticum (L.) ..... 99 

Leucodon bracln'pns, Brid. ..... 201 

julaceus, Hedw. ...... 258 

julaceus, pi. masc. ... . 259 

jiilaceii-i, var. ...... 2G0 

Limnobium Closieri, Aust. Mss. . . . . 439 

eiif/yriinn, Br. Eu. ... . . . 438 

molle, Br. Eu. ...... 436 

Novce Casnrece, Aust. Mss. . . . .440 

ochraceum, Br. Eu. ..... 437 

palustre, Br. Eu. . . . . . . 435 

Meesia tristicha, Funk, 217 

MiCROMiTRiujr, Aust. : ante 45 

Micromiirium Austini (Sulliv.) .... 45 

megalosporum, Aust. ..... 47 

synoicum (.James) ..... 40 

Mnium alRne, Bland 205 

cinclidioides, Blytt, pi. foem. . . . 214 

cinclidioide.<, pi. masc. . . . . .215 

cuspidatum, Hedw 204 



INDEX. 87 

hornum, L. . . ... 211 

lycopodioides, Hook. ..... 208 

medium ? Br. Eu. ..... 20G 

punctatum, L. ..... . 212 

punctatuni, var. ..... 213 

roslratiim, Sclirad. ..... 207 

serratum, Britl. ..... 210 

spinulosum, Br. Eu. ..... 209 

stellare, L 216 

Myurella Careyana, Siilliv. ..... 205 

julacea (Vill.) Br. Eu 2G6 

Neckera pennata, Hedw. ...... 255 

Omalia gracilis, James, ..... 257 

Jamesii, Scliimp. . ..... 256 

tricliomanoides, Schreb. .... 256 

OncopJiorvs glaitcvs, Br. Eu. ..... 99 

Orlhotricluim anomalum, Iledw. . . . . 160 

Canadense, S. & L. Muse. Exsic. . . .169 

ciirinum, S. & L. , . . . . . 170 

crispuUim. Ilornsch. ..... 159 

crispum, Iledw. ..... 158 

fallax, Br. Eu. . . ... 165 

Ilutciiinsiaj, Smith, ..... 157 

leioparpum, Br. Eu. ..... 172 

Lescurii, Aust. . . . . . . 163 

Ludwigii, Schwgr. ..... 156 

obtusilblium, ScliraJ. . . . . 164 

Ohioense, S. & L. . . • . . .169 

Peciiii, S. &L 162 

Porter!, S. & L 161 

psilocarpum, James, . . . . . 171 

pumilum, Swz. . . . . . .165 

sordidum, S. &; L. . . . . . 168 

strangulatum, Beauv. ..... 166 

strangulatum, var 167 



88 



INDEX. 



Phascum cuspidatum, Schreb 53 

muticum, Schreb. . . . . . 51 

iriqnetrum, Spruce, , . . . ,52 

Physcoinitrium immersum, SuUiv. . • . 179 
pyriforme, Brid. . . . ... .180 

Plagiotliecium denticulatum (L.) .... 359 

denticulatum, var. ..... 3G0 

denticulatum, var. Icetum, .... 362 

denticulatum, var. pusiilum, . . . .861 

elegans, Hook. ...... 348 

elegans, var. terrestre, ..... 349 

elegans, var. ? gracilens, .... 350 

IcEtnm, Br. Eu 362 

latebricola (Wil.?.) Br. Eu. . . . 353 

3Iu/ilenbeckii, Schimp. ..... 357 

Mulierianum, Schimp. .... 351 

nitldulum, Br. I^u. ..... 355 

Passaicense, Aust. ..... 352 

puldiellum (Dicks.) 354 

pulchellum, var. nitidulum, . . . 355 

Jioeseaniiin, Hampe, ..... 365 

Schimperi, IMilde, ..... 349 

striateilum (Brid.) 357 

striatellum, var. chrysophylloides, . . 358 

? subfalcatum, Aust. ..... 366 

SullivanticE, Schimp. ..... 364 

sylvaticum (L.) ...... 363 

sylvaticum, var. 1, .... . 364 

sylvaticum, var. 2, ..... 365 

turCaceum, Lindb. ..... 356 

Platygyrium repens, Brid. ..... 281 

Pleuridium alterriifolium, Br. Eu. ... 54 

palustre, Schimp. ...... 55 

Pogonatum brachyphylium, Beauv. . . . 234 

brevicaule, Brid 232 



INDEX. 



89 



brevlcaule, pi. masc. ..... 233 

Polytrichum commune, L. . . . . . 2.35 

formosum, Hedw. . . . . . 236 

junipprinum, Iledw. ..... 237 

piliferum, Sclireb. ..... 239 

siricium, Menzies, ..... 238 

Pottia riparia, Au5t ]12 

Iruncata, Iledw. . . . . . .111 

Pterigynandi'um filiforme, Hedw. .... 280 

Ptycliomitrium incurvum, Schwgr. . . . .153 

Pylaistea intricata, Schimp. . . . . . 291 

intricata, var. ...... 292 

subdenticulata, Schimp. .... 290 

veliitina, Scliimp. ...... 293 

velutina, var. ...... 294 

Eacomitrium aciculare, Brid. ..... 147 

microcarpum, Brid. ..... 149 

Sudeticum, Brid. ...... 148 

Rhabdoweissia denticulata, Brid. .... 72 

fugax, Iledw. . . . . . .71 

Rhyncliostegium cylindricarpum, C. Mull. . . 342 
cylindricarpum, pi. masc. .... 343 

demissum (Wils.) 338 

deplanatum, Schimp. ..... 344 

geophilum, Aust. ..... 345 

microcarpum (C. Mull.) var. . . . 339 

recurvans (Schwgr.) . . . . . 340 

recurvan?, var. . . . . . .341 

rusciforme (Wei?) . . -. . . 347 
scrrulatum (Hedw.) . . . . .346 

Rhytidium rugosuin (Elirh.) ..... 450 

Schislostcga osmundacea, (Dicks.) W. & M. . . 176 
Seligeria recurvata, Hedw. . . . . . 110 

Spbaerangium muticum (Schreb.) . . . .51 

triquetrum (Spruce) 52 

12 



90 



IKDEX. 



Sphagnum acutifoliuni, Ehrh . . . . 12 

acutifolium, var. confertum, .... 13 

acutifolium, var. fii^cum, .... 17 

acutifolium, var. iiitermedinm, ... 15 

acutifolium, var. pui-pureum, ... 14 
acutitolium, var. lobustnm, . . . .18 

acutifolium, var. rubellum, . . . . 16 

(^auriculatnm, Schp.) . . . . .28 

Austiui, Sulliv. ...... 2 

(capilli/olium, Hedw.) . . . . .12 

(compactum, Brid. partly) .... 7 

contortiim, var. laricitium, Wils. . . .31 

cuspidatum, Elirli. ..... 33 

ouspidatum, var. laxifolium, .... 34 

cuspidatuin, var. parvum, .... 37 

cu-pidatum, var. plumo>um, .... 36 

ouspidatum, var. rccurvum, . . . 38, 39 

cus])idatum, var. Torre^ anum, ... 35 

cydopiiyllum, S. & L. . . . . 25 

cyuihifolium, Eiirli. ..... 3 

cytnbifolium, ]>]. masc. .... 4 

cymbif'olium, var. /5. ..... 5 

cymbifolium, var. y. . . . . . 6 

fimbriatum, Wils. ...... 19 

fmhriatuni, var. majtis, Auctt. ... 20 

(Jlexuosum, D. & M.) ..... 33 

Girgensoliuii, Russow, .... 20 

liumile, Sciiimp. ...... 8 

laricinurn. Spruce, . . . . . 31 

{laxifolium., C. Mull.) 34 

{Lescurii, Sulliv.) ..... 29 

Lindbergii, Sdiimp. ..... 40 

macropliyllum, Bernh. . . . . 41 

molle, Sulliv 10 

{inolluscoides, C. Mull.) .... 9 



INDEX. 91 

molluscum, I>ruch, . • . . .11 

Mougeotiu Scliimp. ..... 38 

]Mulleii, Scliimp. ...... 9 

. negleotum, Angstr. ..... 26 

neglectum. var. ...... 27 

{obesuin, \V\\<.) 28 

{ohtusifoliuni, II. & T.) .... 3 

Portoiicen^e, Hampe, .... 1 

Pjlfpsii, Brid 23 

Pjlojsii, var. sedoides, .... 24 

pycnocladum, Angstr. ..... 32 

recurvum, Beau v. ..... 38, 39 

rigidum, Scliimp. ...... 7 

rigidum, var. liumile, .... 8 

riibellum, AVils. . . . . . . IG 

sedoides, Biid. ...... 24 

sqiinrro^um, Pers. ..... 22 

sqiiarrosum, var. teres, Schimp. . . . 21 

strictum, Lindb. ...... 20 

{strictwn, Sulliv.) ..... 7 

subsectindiim, C. Mull. ..... 2G 

subsecundum, Kees. ..... 28 

subsecundum, pi. masc. ..... 30 

subsecundum, var. Lescurii, ... 29 

SuUivantianiim, Aust. ..... 1 

{labulare, Sulliv.) ..... 9 

{tenerum, Sulliv.) 12 

teres, Angstr. . . . . . . 21 

{Torreyanum, Sulliv.) . . ■ . . .35 

"NVulfianum, Girgensohn, .... 32 

Sporledera palustii?, Scliimp. ..... 55 

Syntrichia inlermedia, Brid. .... 132 

Systegium nitidulum, Schiinp. ..... 57 

Sullivantii, Scliimp. ..... 58 

Sullivantii, var 59 



92 



INDEX. 



Tetraphis pellucida, Hedw. . . . . 


173 


Totraplodon australis, S. & L. . 


. 177 


Tlianinium AUejihaniense (C. Mull.) 


337 


Thelia asprella, Sulliv. .... 


. 2r.3 


liirtella, Sulliv. . . . . . 


. ' 2G2 


Lescurii, Sulliv. .... 


. 264 


Thuidium abietinnm (L.) . . . . 


304 


Blandowii (W. & M.) . 


. 305 


diilicatulum (L.) . . . . 


303 


gracile, Br. Eu. .... 


. 298 


gracile, var.? Lancastriense, 


299 


minutulum (Iledw.) 


. 297 


pygmseum, Br. Eu. . . . . 


296 


scitum, Beauv. 


. 300 


scitum, var. ffistivalis, . 


301 


tamariscinum (Iledw.) . 


. 302 


Timmia megapolitana, Hedw. 


227 


Trichostomuni fragile, C. Mull. 


. 129 


glaucescens, Hedw. .... 


121 


lineare (Swz.) .... 


. 119 


pallidum, Iledw. .... 


120 


tortile, Sclirad 


. 118 


vaginans, Sulliv. 


119 


TVeissa serrulata, Funk, .... 


. 70 


viridula, Brid. ..... 


Go 


viridula, var. 1, . 


. G6 


viridula, var. 2, . 


67 


viridula, var. 3, . . . . 


. G8 


viridula, var. 3, pi. masc. . 


G9 


Zugodon Lapponicits (Hedw.) . 


. 154 


Moiigeolii, Br. Eu. .... 


155 



Prit* 25 Cts. 



SUPPLEMENT I. 

Tickets of (100) specimens of 

MOSSES 
Collected mostly in the Eastern part of North America. 



BY COE F. AUSTIN". 



CLOSTOR, NKW JEKSKY. 



AUSTIN, MUSCI APPALACHIAN!: Supplement I. 



Amblystegium serpens, var. longifolium 


542 


Archidium Donnellii, Aust. . . . 


.... 455 


" tenerrimum, Mitt 


454 


Aulacomnion tuvgidum, Wahl 


517 


Blindia acuta (Dicks.). ... 


484 


Brachythecium i-efle.Kum (W. & il.) 


540 


Bruchia brevipes, Hook.. . .... .... 


. . 462 


" Carolin!«3, Aust 


461 


" Dounellii, Aust. . 


464 


" Ravenelii, Wils 


460 


Te.xana, Aust 


463 


Bryum cojujKtrf/im, Aust 


509 


" concinnalam, Spr. 


511 


■' Duvalii, Voit. . .... 


514 


" elongatum, Dicks. 


510 


" Macouni, Aust 


512 


{paUenn, Swartz, n. 202.) 




" proviuciale, Philib .... 


513 


Calymperes Richardi, C. 31 


48!) 


(Masmatodon parvulus, II. & W .... 


534 


Cryplia'a pendula, Losqx. . 


526 


C'ylindrotbccium Diununondi, Sclip. . . ..... 


538 


Desmatodou, Brid .... 


493 


Dicliclyuia ])allesccns, B. S.. . . 


525 


Dicranuu) rfinf/c.^tnut, Brid. .... .... . . . 


472 


di'hilc, II. izW 


468 


" Drumniondi, C. JI .... 


474 


" elongatum, Schwgr. 


471 


fuscescens. Turn. 


472 


graeilcns, W. & M. 


467 


" scoparium, var. ortliocarpum 


473 


" sublcucogaster, CM .... 


470 


" subuhituni, lledw .... 


. . . 469 


Didymodon, lledw. ... .... .... .... 


491 


Disceliuin nudum (Dicks.) .... 


.... 505 



INDEX 



JJi.itir/ititin ciipillint'iiii, Dicks. .... 

" iiidiiititniii, (Hedw.) Br. Eu. . . . 

Epbenierum cnissinervium, (Schwgr.) 
Fabrouia octoblepharis, Schlcich.. .... 

Fissidens circinunx, Scbp.?. ... .... 

" Clostcri, Aust.. . 

decipiens, D.N .... 

grandifrons, Brid. ... .... 

" obtusifolius, II. ct W 

" Ravenelii, Sull. .... .... 

" vupestris, Wil.s 

Fonlinalis disticha, H. & W.? 

Funaria Drummondi, (Sull.) 

" hygrometrica, var. calvescens, Hedw 

" seirata, Bv. . . .... 

Grinimia Donniana, Sm... . .... .... 

" uiiicolor, Gvev 

Gymnostomuiii Knuaitiiiii, . .... 

Hookcria varians, Sull .... 

HyloL'omium Oakesi, Sull. 

" squarrosuin (L.) .... 

" umbratuin (Elirh.) 

Hypnum commutatuni, Hedw. 

" montanuiii, Wils 

" stainineum, Dicks... . 

" thelisteg^uin, CM 

Wrightii, Sull 

Leptodou trichouiitrioii, var. iinniei'sus, S. & ] 
Leptotrichum lieteroniallum, Liudb.. . . 

" Siillicanii, Aust .... 

Leucobryum miniis, Haiiipe. 

" vulgare, var. minus. .... 

Meesia lougiseta, Hedw " • . . 

trichodos (L.) 

" uliginoKct, Hedw .... 

Mielichhoferia? compacta, Aust.. . .... 

Meteorium nigrcsccns, Sv.artz, var. DonucHli 
!JIniuni Drummondi, B. S. .... .... 

Neckera cymbifolia (Sull.). . . . .... 

(listiclia, Sw .... .... 

" Ludovicite, C. 31 

" oligocarpa, B. S. .... .... 

" undulata, Hedw.? . . . .... 

Octoblepharum albiduin (L.) .... .... 



INDEX. 



Piiludella squairosa (L.) 520 

Pilotrichium cyiiibifolium, ^nW. . . . .... .... ... 531 

Plc'uridiuui alternifolium, Brid .... .... 459 

7iereosum, SuW. .... .... .... .... 458 

Ravenelii, Aust.... .... .... .... 457 

■t >/l>ul at uiii, Amer. AucU. .... 457 

SuUivanti, Atisl... . .... .... ... 458 

I'ogiinatuin, Beauv 521-523 

Polytrichuiii ali)inum, L .... .... .... 521 

(-apillare, Mx 523 

urnigerum, L .... .... .... 522 

Ptychoinitrium Drunimondi, H. & W 498 

Pylaiscea polyanlha (Schrb.). . . 537 

Kacomiti-ium canescens (Hedw.). . . .... 503 

fasciciilare (Hedw.) 502 

lanugiiiosum (Hedw.) 504 

Hhizogouiuiii spinit'ormc (L.). . .... .... .... 516 

Hliynchostegiuni demissum, var. Marylandiciim, S. &. L.... 541 

Scolotheinia Sullivauti, CM 499 

Sphagnum (inollc, Sull. u. 21) .... 452 

" i)apillosum, Lindb. .... .... .... 451 

" serratum, Aust .... .... .... 453 

squarrosum, var. teres, Angstr 452 

tere!<, Angstr. . . .... .... 452 

Syrrhopodou Floridanus, Sull. 487 

Texauus, Sull " 488 

tortufi, James 492 

Svvartzia inclinata, Hedw. 486 

montana (Lam.) 485 

Thuiduni gracile, var. RaveucHi, S. & L 539 

'Portula agraria, Swartz .... 494 

" mucrouifolia, Sclnvgr 497 

Plinthobia (S. & L.) 493 

" Rauei, Aust 495 

" recurvifolia, B. S 496 

subulata (L.) 497 

tortifolia, James 492 

Trematodon ambiguus (Hedw.). ... .... 475 

longieollis, Mx 476 

Trichostomum liiridum, Hornsch.. .... 491 

" tortifoliniii, James 492 

Welsia Rauei, Aust 465 

" viridula, var. australis. .... 466 



MUSCI APPALACHIAN!: 

SUPPLEMEXT I. 



451. Sphagiuim papillosum. 

I.i.NUB. Act. Soe. Sci. Fenniciv. X, p. 2S0 (1S72) ; Maiiip. Musi-. 
Secundus, p. o92. 

Hab. Bogs; New Brunswick, Canada, Fowler; New Jersey, 
A list in . 

452. Spliagiiuiii squaiTosum. 

var. teres. S. teres, Angstrcem. 

[The specimens given under Xo. 21 in most oF the former sets, arc from 
South Jersey, and belong to Sph. molle, Sulliv.] 

Hab. British Columbia, Macoiin. (Also near Closter, New 
Jersey, Austin. 

453. Spliag'imm serratiim. 

AiTST. in the Bulletin of the Torn y Botanical Club. VI. p. U.=) (1S77). 
Hab. Marshes, Florida, Jo/m Donnell Smith; common. 

454. Arcliidlniu teiierrimum. 

-Mitt, in the Jour, of the Proc. of the Linn. Soc, VIII. n. 29. p. 17. 
Hab. Florida, J. D. Smith. 

455. Arcliidiiim Doniiellii. 

ArsT., Torr. Club Bull. VI. p. WW. 

Hab. Environs of Hampden Sidney College, Prince Edward 
Co., Virginia, April, 1877, John Doiindl Smith. 



6 



AUSTIN, MUSCT APPALACIIIANr: SUPPLEMENT I. 



456. Ephemerum crassinervium. 

(ScHw^GR.) — Si;i,MV. Iconcs. p. 17, t. S: non ArST. Exsie. nrr. 4ii et -tO 
quEB ail E. spiiiiilusiim. Br. & Sen. pertinent. 

Hab. Damp ground, throughout the Northern States. 

457. Pleiiridiiim Ravenelii. 

AusT. Torr. Club Ball. VI. )i. 1 12. — PI. subulatum, At cxT. 
Amkh. c.\ paric. 

Hab. South CdvoVmn, RnL'e7)el ; Rhode Ishind, Bennett; New- 
Jersey, Avuiin. 

458. Pleiiridium Siillivaiiti. 

ArsT. 1. c. — PI. nervosum, Sui.i.iv. Iconc?, p. I'J, t. S; non Hook. 
Hab. Aiken, South Carolina, Ravetiel. 

459. Pieuridium alteriiilolium, var. 

Hab. Damp ground, South Carolina, RnveiieL 

460. Briicliia Raveiielii. 

Wii.s.— Si i.i.iv. Icon. p. IT), t. 1(5. 
Hab. S. C;ar., Rncenel; Alabama, Mohr. (Feb.) 

461. Briichia Caroliiiae. 

ArsT. Ton-. Club Bull. VI. p. 141. 
Hab. Aiken, S. Car., Rncenel. (Feb.) 

462. Briichia brevipes. 

lIoiiK. — Sui.i.iv. Icon. p. 24, t. 14. 

Hab. S. Car., Ravenel. (Feb.) 

463. Briichia Texaiia. 

Au.sT. Ton-. Club Bull. V, p. 21. (1874). 
Hab. Texas to Virginia, JLill, Rarenel, Smit/i. (March, April.) 

464. Brucliia Doiiiiellii. 

AuST. Torr. Club Bull. VI. p. 144. 
Hab. Jacksonville, Florida, J. Donnell Smith. (Mar.) 



AUSTIN, MUSCI Al'PALAC HIA.N'I : St I'l'LKMKNT I 



465. Weisia Raiiei. 

Gj-miiostomuiu Raiiaiiiim, Ai st. in Tir.iey Club Bulletin V, p. 21. 
Hab. On clay banks, Bethlehem, Pa., Ran. 

46(>. Weisia viridiila, 

^ar. aiistrali.s. 

Hab. Florida to Te.xas. 

467. Dicranum gracileiis. 

Web. & MoiiR. — IJrvol. Eunop. t. 40 ct -Ji;. 

Hab. Alpine regions of the White Mountains ; also uortheni 
shore of Lake Huron, Mdcoicn. 

468. Dicranum ilebile. 

Hook. & Wils. — ?ri-Liv. leon. ji. .'i.", t. I'll. ( H'eisia exi^iia, ScHwca.?) 
Hab. S. Car., Racenel; Ala., Mahr. 

469. Dicraimin subiilatum. 

JIedw. — Brvol. Eur.ui'. t. Oil. 
Hab. Alpine and subalpiue regions of the White Mts.; coniniou. 

470. Dicranum subleucogaster. 

C. Mull. — C. Momi in Torr. Club Bull. V, p. 49. 
Hab. Florida, J. D. Smith, (ster.) 

471. Dicraiiuiii elongatum. 

ScnwGR. — Bryol. Europ. t. 76. 

Hab. Alpine and high northern regions ; New England to the 
Rocky Mountains. 

472. Dicranum fuscescens. 

Turn. — Bryol. Euroi'. t. 77; sub D. congesto, Brid. 

Hab. Mountains of Pennsylvania to New England and north- 
ward and westward. 



8 



AUSTIN, MUSCI APPALACmANI: SUPPLEMENT I. 



4?3. Dicraiiiim scoparium, 

var. ortliocarpiun. 

Hats. Woods, near Closter, N. J. 

474. Dicranum Drummoiidi. 

C. Mi i.L., WiLS:— SuLLiv. Icon. Suppl. p. 48, t. 33. 
Cl he specimens given under No. 98 belong to D. ti ndulatu,,, .) 
Hab. Mountains of New York and New England; also through- 
out British America. 

475. Trematodou ambiguus. 

(Hedw.) IIornsch. — Br VOL. Elrop. t. 96. 
Hab. Maryland to Canada; not common. 

476. Trematodon loiigicollis. 

MiCH.x. — SuLLiv. Icon. p. 31, t. 19. 
Hab. Low grounds, Closter, New Jersey, rare; also in the South. 

477. Leucobryiim vulgare. 

var. minus. L. minus, Hamp. 

SuLLiv. Mosses of the U. S. p. '2i. 

Hab Southern States, common. 

478. Octoblepliarum cilbiduin. 

(Linn.) — Mitt. Jour, of the Linn. Soc. Vol. XII, p. 109. 
Hab. Florida, J. D. Smith. (Also in Te.xas.) 

479. Fissidens Closteri. 

AuST. in Torr. Club Bull. V, p. 21.: Sclliv. Icon. 8uppl. p. 44, t. 29. 

Hab. On rocks alon^ rivulets. Palisades, near Closter, New 
Jersey. (Aug., Sept.) 

480. Fissidens obtusifoliiis. 

lioOK. k WiLS. — Sin.i.iv. Icon. p. ,'i5, t. 22. 
Hab. Banks of ravines, Springfield, O., Miss H. J. Biddle^ome. 

481. Fissidens Ravenelii. 

Si;i,Liv. Icon. p. 39, t. 25. 
Hab. S. Car., Ravenel ; Florida, J. D. Smith. 



AUSTIN, MUSCr APPALACHIAN!: SI PPLEMENT I !) 

482. Fissidens decipieiis. 

De Not.— Sulliv. Icones. Siippl. ii.4f). t. (F. circiiiaiis, S( iiimi'.:') 
F. rupestrls, Wii.s. 

Hab. On trunks and roots of trees, old logs, t&c, in swamps, 
Floridii, /. D. Smith, conuiion ; iilso near t rhanu, Ohio, Misx 
Biddlecome. 

483. Fissideiis gTaiidifroiis. 

Brii). — Bkyoi,. Ei hop. t. Idtl. 

Hab. Wet rocks, Niagara Fulls and northwestward to the Rocky 
Mountains. 

484. Bliudia acuta. 

(Dill. Dicks.) — Brtol. Ki ui)i\ t. IH- 
Hab. Mountains of New York and northward. 

485. Swartzia moiitana. 

(L.\M.) LixDB. — Distichium capillaceuni. (Dkks.) — Bh. Ei r. t. I'.i."!. 
Hab. New Brunswick (Fowler) and westward to the Rocky Mts. 

486. Swartzia iiielinata. 

Hedw. — Distichium iiicliiiatuui, Bryol. Ei rop. t. \'.H. 
H.ab. Lake Superior region and westward, Macoun. 

487. Syrrliopodon Floridaiiiis. 

Si'LLiv. Icou. p. 49, t. 
Hab. Trunks of trees, old logs, >fcc., Florida, J. D. Smith. 

488. Syrrliopodon Texanus. 

Si Li.iv. Icon. Sujipl. p. .Vl. t. I'd. 
Hab. Trunks of trees, old logs, &c., Florida, J. D. Smith. 

489. Calymperes Ricliardi. 

C. Mull. — Mitt. .Jour. Proc, Linn. ."^oc. XII. p. IIT. 
Hab. Trunks of trees, Florida, J. D. Smith. 



10 



MUSCl APfALACHIANl: 



SlIITLEMENT I. 



490. Leptotriclmm heteromallum. 

LiNDU. — AusT. in Torrev Club Bulletin VI, 
p. 73 (ISTfi)— L,. Siillivanti, Alst. MSS. 

Hab. Roadsides, &c. region of the White Mouotains, common. 

491, Trichostomimi liiridiim. 

HoRNsni. — Br.voi.. Europ. t. 186; sub Didymodoiite. 
Hab. Dry rocks in the region of the Great Lakes. 

492. Tortilla toitifolia. 

James ined.; sub Trichostomo. (Syrrhopodon tortus, Jamks, olim.) 

Hab. On coquina rocks, St. Augustine, Florida, John Donnell 

Smith. 

493. Tortilla plintliobia. 

SuLLiv. k Lesq. — Si i.i.iv. Icon ]). 47, t. : sub Desmatodoiite. 
Hab. Brick walls and pavements in the Southern States. 

494. Tortilla agraria. 

SwAUTZ. — Sri.l.iv. Mosses of the U. S. p. 8(1. 
Hab. AVest Florida, J. D. Smith. 

495. Tortilla Raiiei. 

AusT. in Ton-. Club Bull. VI, p. 4.?: sub Barbula. 
Hab. On rocks, Matagorda County, Texas, R. O. Bechdolt. 

496. Tortilla reciirvitblia. 

ScHi.Mr. Synop. p. 170. 

Hab. On rocks, Hoboken, New Jersey; Suftern, Watkin'sGlen 
and Niagara Falls, New York; also region of the Great Lakes, 
Macoii/t, and Colorado, //. A.Warne. 

49T. Tortilla subulata. 

Li.NN. — T. muci'oiiirolia, Si'iiwgii. — Biivoi,. Eukoi>. tt. 160 ct 162. 

Hab. Northern New York and New England and throughout 
British America. 



AL'STIX, MLStl APl'ALACUIAM : >L PPLKMENT I 



11 



498. Ptyehomitrium Dniiiimoiidi. 

I H. A- \V.)— Si LI. IV. Ii-on. p. fij. t. 40. 

Hab. Roots of trees, South Carolina and southern Illinois to the 
Gulf of Mexico. 

499. Selilotlieimia Sullivauti. 

(.'. .Mri.L. — .Slli.iv. leou. p. CI, t. 3S. 
Hab. On trees, Florida. J. I). SmitJi. 

500. (iriinmia Doiiiiiaiia. 

Smith. — Buvol. Ei rup. t. 2i'J. 
Hab. Alpine region of the AVhite Mountains, New Hampshire. 

»)01. Grimniia uuieolor. 

iiRK\ . — Br.yoL. Ei ROP. t. l-'CO. 
Hab. Canada, Macoun; also Catskill Mts., New York, Rau. 

502. Racomitriiim fasciciilare. 

(Dill. J Brih. — Brvol. Euroi'. t. -67. 
H.\B. Rocks in mountains; Alleghanies and northward. 

503. Racomitriiim canesceiis. 

I Dill. I Bimd — Brvol. Etrop. t. 270 et 271. 
Hab. High mountains; New England to Vancouver's Island. 

504. Racomitriiim laimgiiiosiim. 

(Dill.) Brid. — Brvol. Ei rop. t. 'Zd'i. 
Hab. High mountains; New England to Vancouver's Island. 

505. Disceliiim iiiidnm. 

(Dicks.) Brii>. — Bitica <fc Schimper. Biivol. Elrop. t. 297. 

Hab. Clay banks, Bethlehem, Pa., Raii; Ohio, Bearddee; also 
Canaaa and westward to Vancouver's Island, Macovn. 

506. Fiiiiaria Driimmoiidi. 

LisDB.— Eiitosthodon Drumnioiidi, Si lliv. Icon. p. i. 
Hab. Mobile, Alabama, Dr. Chas. Mohr. 



AUSTIN, MUSCI APPALACHIAN!: SUPPLEMENT I. 



507. Fimaria serrata. 

Beauv. — SuLLiv. Icon. p. 89, t. 54. 
Hab. Texas, Ravenel; Alabama, Mohr. 

508. Fimaria hygrometrica. 

var. calvesceiis, Hedw.— Bryol. Euroh. t. .305. 
Hab. S. Car., Ravenel ; Florida, J. Donnell Smith. 

509. Mieliclihoferia? compacta. 

.■VrsT. — Brjum compactum, Ai st. in Bot. Gnzette. II, p. 111. 

Hab. Alpine regions of the AVhite Mountains, common; also 
Shawangunk Mountain (Sam's Point), New York, Austin; British 
America, Macoun: sterile. 

510. Bryiim eloiigatiim. 

Dicks.— Brvol. Euuop. t. 3J1, .342. 
Hab. Region of the White Mountains; common. (Aug., Sept.) 

511. Bryiim conciiinatiim. 

Si'RLCE, C. Mi ll. — Lindh. Manip. Miisc. Primus (1S70) p. ii. 
H.\B. Cauterskill Falls, Catskill Mountains, Peck. 

512. Bryiuu Macouiii. 

.■\i'ST. in Bot. Gazette for June, 1S77, p. 110. 
Hab. British Columbia, Macoun. 

513. Bryum proviiiciale. 

PniLin. — ScniMi". S.vnop. ed. 2. 
Hab. Florida, /. D. Smith ; common. 

514. Bryum Diivalii. 

VoiT. — Bryol. Ei iidi'. t. .371 : non At ST. E.\sie. n. 202, quod est B. 

palleiis, SwARTz. . 

Hab. Briti.sh Columbia, Macoun. 

515. Mniiiiii Brummoiuli. 

Bruch & SeiiLMi'KR. — .Si LLiv. icon. \t. 83, t. 51. 

Hai!. Mountains of New York and New England and northward 
and westward. 



AfSTIX, MUSCI APPALACHIAN! : SUPPLEMENT I 18 

516. Rhizo^onium spiiiifbrme. 

(LiXN. Hedw.) — Mitt, in the Jour, of the Linn. Soc. XII. ji. ;(2H. 
H.\B. On tussocks, etc. iu the Gulf States; common. 

517. Aula coimi ion tur2:idum. 

AV.vHi.ENB. — HinoL. Elroc. t. 4IM. 
Hab. Alpine regions of the AVhite ilountalns: sterile. 

518. Meesia tricliotles. 

(Lixx.) Spruce. — M. ulig'iliDsa. IIediv. — Brvol. Europ. t. .■!(!.*>. 

Hab. Near Albany, New York, Perl- ; also British Columbia, 

Macoun. 

519. Meesia loiigiseta. 

1Iet)w. — Brvol. Europ. t. W.K 

Hab. Near Alban\-, New York, Peck; also British Columbia, 
Macoun; rare. 

520. Paludella squarrosa. 

(Li.vx.) Ehrh. — Brtol. Europ. t. "ML'. 

Hab. Swamp near Jordansville, New York, Peck; also British 
Columbia, Mnroun. 

521. Polytrielium alpiniim. 

Li.vN.— Bryoi,. Europ. t. 41S: sub Pogonato, Bkid. 
Hab. Throughout British Amer. and southward in the mountains 

522. Polytrielmui uriiigenim. 

Lixx. — Bryol. Europ. t. 417; sub Pogouato. 
H.\b. Region of the White Mountains; verj' common. 

523. Polytrielmm oapillare. 

MicHX. — Sui.Liv. Icon. p. 79, t. 49: sub Pog^onatu. 
Hab. Alpine region of the White Mountains; scarce. 

524. Foiitinalis (listiclia? 

H. * w. — ScLLiv. Icon. p. lo:;. t. r,?,. 
Hab. Rocky rivul9ts, Mts. of New Jersey and Pennsylv.mia. 



14 



AUSTIN, MUSCI APPALACHIAN!: SUPPLEMENT I. 



525. Diclielyma pallescens. 

Br. & Sen. Bryol. Europ. 
Hab. On sticks, etc., margin of Oneida Lalie, N. Y., A. Barron. 

526. Cryphaea glomerata, var. 

C. pendula, Lesqx. ined. 
Hab. Trunlis of trees, Florida, J. Bonnell Smith. 

527. Leptodoii tricliomitriou. 

var. inimersus, Sulliv. Icon. p. 112. 
Hab. Florida, J. D. Smith. ^ 

528. Neckera oligocarpa. 

Kit. <fe ScH. Bryol. Europ. t. 441. 
Hab. Fissures of dry rocks, Catskill Mountains, AvMin <& Rau. 

529. Neckera uiululata. 

IIkdw. — Mitt, in the Jour, of tlie Linn. Sof. Xlt, p. 452. 
Hab. Trunks of trees, West Florida, J. D. Smith. 

530. Neckera disticJia. 

SwAKTZ, — Mitt. 1. c. p. 451. 
Hab. Trunks of trees. West Florida, D. Smith. 

531. Neckera cymbifolia. 

(Si-i.T,iv.) C. M. — Pilot rich urn cymbifblium. Sii.liv. Icon, 
p. 122, t. Tfi 1!. 

Hab, Trunks of trees. West Florida, J. D. Smith. 

532. Neckera Ludoviciie. 

C. Mi ll. — 0. Moiiii in Torr. Club Bull. V, p. 50. 
Hab. Trunks of trees, West Florida, J. D. Smith. 

533. Meteorium iiigresceiis. 

(SwAUT/). — Mitt, in the Jour, of the Linn. Soc, XII, p. 441. 

var. l><)iiiicllii. 

Hab. Trunks of trees, West Florida, J. Donnell Smith. 



AUSTIN', MUSCI APPALACHIAN!: SUPPLEMENT 1 

534. Clasinatodon parviilus. 

IIooK. A Wn.s. — Sim. IV. Icon. Suppl. j). 126, t. TW. 
Hab. Ou trees, etc. in the Southern States; common. 

535. Fabroiiia octoblepliaris. 

(Sleicii.) — Brvol. Ernop. t. -iol. 

Hab. On rocks and trees at the Delaware Water Gap, New 
Jersey, Austin, Rna. 

536. Hookeria variaiis. 

.^LLLiv. llusci Culjunsis Wrightiiiui (p. 28i.) 
Hab. On the ground, Florida, /. D. Smith, Itacenel. 

537. Pylaisaea polyaiitlia. 

(ScHKCi;.) — Bryol. EuROi'. t. 406. 
Hab. On trees. Lake Superior and westward, Mwoun; conimou,. 

538. Cyliiulrotlieeiiiiii Driiiniiioiidi. 

.•^CHIMI". — Si i.i.iv. Icon. p. 14S t. 'JA. 
Hab. Low iirounds in the Southern States; common. 

539. Thiiidiuin gracile. 

var. Kavenelii, S. & L. 

Hab. On the ground, etc. throughout the Southern Stntes; very 
common. 

540. Bracliytliecium reflexum. 

(W. & M.)— Buvoi.. L"t Roi'. t. 

Hab. Rocks in the region of the White Mts.; also in the region 
of Lake Huron, Mrn. Jes-ne Roy. 

541. Rliyiicliostegiiim demissum. 

var. Marylandicuni, S. & L. Exsic. ed. 2, n. 442. 

Hab. Irrigated rocks. New England and southward in the 
mountains. 



AUSTIN, MUSCI APPALACHIAN!: SUPPLESIENT I. 



542. Amblystegium serpens. 

var. loiijrifoliiim. 

Hai!. Marshes, Florida, J. D. Smith. 

543. Hypimm eommutatum. 

Hedw. — Bryol. Europ. t. 607. 

Hat.. Wet rocks, Watkin's Glen, New York, Wolle, Rau dk 
Austin. (Also in the Rocky Mts.) 

544. Hypiiiim Wriglitii. 

SuLLiv.— Icon. p. 209, t. 127. 

Hab. Florida, J. Donnell Smith. 

545. Hypiiiim tlielistegiiiin. 

r. .Ml — Mitt, in the .Jour, of the Linn. Soc. XII, p. 504. 
IIai!. Florida, /. Donnell Smith. 

546. Hypimm moiitaimm. 

WiLS. — SuLi.iv. Icon. p. 181, t. 113. 
Hab. On rocks in streams in the White Mt. region; frequent. 

547. Hypnum stfamineum. 

1)RKS. — Bryol. Eiuoi". t. G17. 
Hab. Throughout British America and in the Mts. southward. 

548. Hylocomiiim iimbratum. 

(EiiRii.) — Bryol. Eluoi-. t. ^SS. 

Hab. Throughout British America and in the high mountains 
of New England and New York. 

549. Hylocomiiim Oakesi. 

SuLLiv. Icon. p. 159, t. 102. 

Hab. Throughout British America and in the high mountains 
of New England and New York. 

550. Hylocomiiim sqiiarrosum. 

( Li N.v.)— Bryol. Euroi". t. 493. 
Hab. ('alskill and White Mountains. 



1 



ERRATA. 



var. 
letter. 
Piige 2, 



when it oc-cuis in the text, sliould begin witli a capital 

line 15 from the bottom: for "CryiihsBa pcndula, I^estix." 
read Cryjihica glomerata, var. — ('. pendiihi, Lestjx. 

Hues 2 and 13 from the bottom, 

" 11 from the top, and 

" 12 from tiie bottom: these synonyms should be in 
It all ex. 

2o: for "stamiueum" read stramineum. 

line 19: for "Scolotheima" read Schlotheimia. 

" 11 from the bottom: for "Plinthobia" icad jiiin- 
thobia. 



5, No. 455: insert comma after "Hampden." 





I propose to publish additional supplements to both the Musci 
;md Hepatic.e EssiccatiE which I have issued, as fast as I can 
ikccumulate the needed specimens. The supplements to com- 
prise 100 sets of 10-50 specimens each; and I take this op- 
portunity to cordially invite the co-operation of all American 
botanists. 

Liberal allowance will be made and due credit given, for 
100 good specimens of any desired moss or hepatica. 

Except in rare mosses and those difficalt to obtain, the 
specimens should be large and ample. 

Musci should be collected as soon as or a little before 
the capsule matures, while the operculum is yet present. Some 
species seldom or never fruit with us; these should not be neg- 
lected. HepaticsE in general are best collected late in the fall, 
during the winter, or in early spring. — The Jungermaniie about 
the time or a little before they send up the fruit-stalk. All are 
best collected before they shed their spores. 

COE F. AUSTIN. 



f 



New York Botanical Garden Libran 



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